Online Tutorials & Training Materials | STechies.com
Register Login

SAP Administration Practical Guide

|| || 0 Download

SAP Administration Practical Guide
Stechies

Here one can read and download the complete practical guide of SAP Administration including Fundamentals of SAP System Administration, SAP System Administration, System Monitoring, Scheduled Tasks, Disaster Recovery etc.

Contents

1 Fundamentals of SAP System Administration .......................... 23
1.1 Tasks of a System Administrator ...................................................
1.2 Guiding Principles for System Administrators ...............................
1.3 Definitions ...................................................................................
1.4 Summary .....................................................................................
23
25
32
34
2 SAP System Administration ...................................................... 35
2.1 Starting and Stopping the SAP System .........................................
2.1.1 Starting the SAP System .................................................
2.1.2 Stopping the SAP System ...............................................
2.2 Instances and Operation Modes ..................................................
2.3 Maintaining Profile Parameters ....................................................
2.4 Specific Monitoring Transactions ..................................................
2.4.1 System Log ....................................................................
2.4.2 ABAP Dump Analysis .....................................................
2.4.3 Checking the Application Servers and Work Processes ....
2.4.4 Lock Entries ...................................................................
2.4.5 Canceled Update Requests ............................................
2.5 System Messages .........................................................................
2.6 Connections ................................................................................
2.6.1 RFC Destinations ...........................................................
2.6.2 SAP Gateway Monitor ...................................................
2.6.3 SAPconnect ...................................................................
2.6.4 Message Server Monitor ................................................
2.6.5 Internet Communication Framework .............................
2.6.6 ICM Monitor .................................................................
2.7 Client Administration ...................................................................
2.7.1 Creating Clients .............................................................
2.7.2 Copying Clients .............................................................
2.7.3 Deleting Clients .............................................................
2.7.4 Checking the Client Copy Log ........................................
2.8 System Copy ................................................................................
2.8.1 Database Copy of the Production System .......................
2.8.2 Client Copy with Data ...................................................
2.8.3 Client Copy without Data ..............................................
2.9 Summary .....................................................................................
35
36
41
46
62
70
70
73
77
80
83
87
89
90
97
99
103
104
108
109
110
114
129
132
133
134
135
135
136
3 System Monitoring .................................................................... 137
3.1 The CCMS Alert Monitor .............................................................
3.2 System Monitoring with the Standard CCMS Alert Monitor .........
3.3 Adapting the CCMS Monitor Sets ................................................
3.3.1 Hiding Monitor Sets ......................................................
3.3.2 Defining a New Monitor Set ..........................................
3.3.3 Adding a Monitor to a Monitor Set ...............................
3.3.4 Deleting a Monitor from a Monitor Set .........................
3.3.5 Changing Alert Threshold Values ...................................
3.4 Auto-Reaction Methods ..............................................................
3.4.1 Changing an Auto-Reaction Method ..............................
3.4.2 Assigning an Auto-Reaction Method to a
Monitor Object .............................................................
3.5 Summary .....................................................................................
137
138
148
148
153
156
159
163
167
168

173
178
4 System Administration with SAP Solution Manager ................ 179
4.1 Functional Spectrum of SAP Solution Manager ............................
4.2 Maintaining the System Landscape ..............................................
4.2.1 Creating a Server ...........................................................
4.2.2 Creating a Database .......................................................
4.2.3 Creating a System ..........................................................
4.3 Solutions .....................................................................................
4.3.1 Creating a Solution ........................................................
4.3.2 Activating and Deactivating Solutions ............................
4.3.3 Self-Diagnosis ................................................................
4.4 System Administration .................................................................
4.4.1 Central System Administration .......................................
4.4.2 Central System Monitoring ............................................
4.4.3 SAP EarlyWatch Alert ....................................................
4.5 Maintenance Optimizer ...............................................................
4.6 Summary .....................................................................................
179
181
182
184
186
201
202
206
208
211
211
227
240
256
268
5 Scheduled Tasks ......................................................................... 269
5.1 Critical Tasks ................................................................................
5.1.1 Check Whether the SAP System Is Running ...................
5.1.2 Checks to Determine Whether Your Backups
Have Been Successful ....................................................
5.2 Daily Tasks ...................................................................................
5.2.1 Critical Tasks ..................................................................
5.2.2 SAP System ...................................................................
5.2.3 Database .......................................................................
5.2.4 Operating System ..........................................................
5.2.5 Other ............................................................................
5.3 Weekly Tasks ...............................................................................
5.3.1 SAP System ...................................................................
5.3.2 Database .......................................................................
5.3.3 Operating System ..........................................................
5.3.4 Other ............................................................................
5.3.5 Overview of Transactions ...............................................
5.4 Monthly Tasks .............................................................................
5.4.1 SAP System, Database, Operating System, Other ...........
5.4.2 Checking Consumable Items ..........................................
5.5 Quarterly Tasks ............................................................................
5.5.1 SAP System ...................................................................
5.5.2 Database .......................................................................
5.5.3 Operating System ..........................................................
5.5.4 Other ............................................................................
5.6 Annual Tasks ................................................................................
5.6.1 SAP System ...................................................................
5.6.2 Database .......................................................................
5.6.3 Operating System ..........................................................
5.6.4 Other ............................................................................
5.6.5 Overview of Transactions ...............................................
5.7 Summary .....................................................................................

270
270

270
274
274
275
277
277
278
278
278
279
279
280
280
281
281
283
284
284
285
286
286
287
287
288
289
289
289
292

6 Backup and Restore ................................................................... 293
6.1 Backup ........................................................................................
6.1.1 What Has to Be Saved? ..................................................
6.1.2 Backup Types .................................................................
6.1.3 Backup Strategy .............................................................
6.1.4 Strategy Recommendations ...........................................
6.2 Restore ........................................................................................
6.3 Performance ................................................................................
6.3.1 Performance Factors ......................................................
6.3.2 Backup Performance ......................................................
6.3.3 Restore Performance ......................................................
6.4 Summary .....................................................................................
293
294
298
304
305
308
310
310
311
313
314
7 Disaster Recovery ................................................................... 315
7.1 Preliminary Considerations ..........................................................
7.2 Planning for an Emergency ..........................................................
7.2.1 Which Measures Apply to Disaster Recovery? ................
7.2.2 When Should the Disaster Recovery Procedure Begin? ...
7.2.3 Expected Downtime ......................................................
7.2.4 Restore Time .................................................................
7.2.5 Communication in the Event of a Disaster .....................
7.3 Recovery Team and Role Distribution ..........................................
7.4 Types of Disaster Recovery ...........................................................
7.5 Emergency Scenarios ...................................................................
7.5.1 Damaged Database ........................................................
7.5.2 Hardware Failure ...........................................................
7.5.3 Complete Loss or Destruction of the Server Facility .......
7.6 Recovery Script ............................................................................
7.7 Crash Kit ......................................................................................
7.8 Testing the Disaster Recovery Procedure ......................................
7.9 Minimizing the Risk of Failure ......................................................
7.9.1 Minimizing the Risk of Human Error ..............................
7.9.2 Minimizing Single Points of Failure ................................
7.10 Continuing Business During a System Recovery ............................
7.11 Summary .....................................................................................

315
317
317
318
319
320
320
321
323
323
324
324
325
327
329
333
335
335
335
336
337

8 Database Administration .......................................................... 339
8.1 Planning Database Administration Tasks ......................................
8.1.1 Planning Database Tasks ................................................
8.1.2 Changing and Deleting Database Tasks ..........................
8.1.3 Checking the DBA Planning Calendar ............................
8.2 Checking Database Actions ..........................................................
8.3 Performing a Database Analysis ...................................................
8.4 Monitoring Database Performance ...............................................
8.5 Database Administration—DB2 ...................................................
8.5.1 DB2 Command Line Processor .......................................
8.5.2 Starting and Stopping the Database ...............................
8.5.3 Executing SQL Statements .............................................
8.5.4 Updating and Checking the Database Manager
Configuration ................................................................
8.5.5 Updating and Checking the Database Configuration ......
8.5.6 Managing Tablespaces and Associated Containers ..........
8.5.7 Backing Up the Database ...............................................
8.5.8 Restoring the Database ..................................................
8.6 Database Administration—Oracle ................................................
8.6.1 SQL*Plus ........................................................................
8.6.2 Starting and Stopping the Database ...............................
8.6.3 Executing SQL Statements and SQL Scripts ....................
8.6.4 Managing the Database .................................................
8.6.5 BR*Tools ........................................................................
8.6.6 Checking and Changing the Status of the Database
Instance .........................................................................
8.6.7 Checking and Updating the Database Configuration ......
8.6.8 Managing Tablespaces and Associated Data Files ...........
8.6.9 Backing Up the Database ...............................................
8.6.10 Restoring the Database ..................................................
8.6.11 Checking the Database ..................................................
8.7 Database Administration—Microsoft SQL Server .........................
8.7.1 SQL Management Studio ...............................................
8.7.2 Starting and Stopping the Database ...............................
8.7.3 Files and Logs ................................................................
8.7.4 Initiating a Backup Process ............................................
8.7.5 Setting Up Maintenance Plans for a Backup ...................
8.7.6 Backing Up System Databases ........................................
8.7.7 SQL Server Logs .............................................................
8.8 Database Administration—MaxDB ...............................................
8.8.1 Database Studio ............................................................
8.8.2 Starting and Stopping the Database ...............................
8.8.3 Database Monitoring .....................................................
8.8.4 Backing Up the Database ...............................................
8.9 Summary .....................................................................................
340
340
344
347
350
352
359
363
364
367
368

369
371
372
375
377
379
379
382
387
389
389

391
393
396
400
404
407
410
411
413
416
422
425
431
434
435
435
436
438
443
447
9 Operating System Administration ........................................... 449
9.1 Checking the Memory Usage of the File System ...........................
9.1.1 Monitoring the File System Using the CCMS Alert
Monitor .........................................................................
9.1.2 Changing Alert Thresholds .............................................
9.1.3 Releasing Memory at the Operating System Level ..........
9.2 Retrieving Operating System Information ....................................
9.3 Summary .....................................................................................
449

450
452
454
458
464
10 Security Administration ............................................................. 465
10.1 What Is Security? .........................................................................
10.1.1 Protecting Data Against Damage or Loss .......................
10.1.2 Adhering to Legal or Quasi-Legal Provisions ..................
10.2 Security Levels .............................................................................
10.2.1 Access Security ..............................................................
10.2.2 Operational Security ......................................................
10.2.3 Data Security .................................................................
10.3 Safeguarding the SAP System .......................................................
10.3.1 Preventing Multiple User Logons ...................................
10.3.2 Passwords ......................................................................
10.3.3 Limiting Access for SAP* or DDIC Users .........................
10.3.4 Locking Critical Transactions ..........................................
10.3.5 Preventing Changes in the Production System ...............
10.3.6 Operational Security ......................................................
10.4 Audits ..........................................................................................
10.4.1 Auditing Aspects ...........................................................
10.4.2 Auditing Tasks for SAP Administrators ...........................
10.5 Auditing Tools .............................................................................
10.5.1 Audit Information System ..............................................
10.5.2 Security Audit Log .........................................................
10.6 Summary .....................................................................................
466
466
466
467
467
469
470
471
472
473
477
477
480
486
487
488
489
491
491
493
507
11 Performance ............................................................................... 509
11.1 Short-Term Remedy of Performance Problems ..............................
11.2 Detailed Analysis of Performance Problems ..................................
11.2.1 System Load Analysis .....................................................
11.2.2 Buffer Analysis ...............................................................
11.2.3 Memory Defragmentation .............................................
11.3 Analysis at Other Levels ...............................................................
11.3.1 Analysis at the Database Level .......................................
11.3.2 Analysis at the Operating System Level ..........................
11.3.3 Analysis at the Hardware Level ......................................
11.4 Summary .....................................................................................
509
514
515
520
522
523
523
523
523
524
12 SAP GUI ..................................................................................... 525
12.1 Installation Requirements ............................................................
12.1.1 Minimum Requirements for the User’s PC .....................
12.1.2 Network Functions ........................................................
12.2 Installation Scenarios ...................................................................
12.2.1 Installing SAP GUI from an Installation Medium ............
12.2.2 Installing SAP GUI from an Installation Server ................
12.3 Adding Systems to SAP Logon .....................................................
12.4 Summary .....................................................................................
525
525
526
526
527
530
547
550
13 User Administration .................................................................. 551
13.1 General ........................................................................................
13.2 Setting Up New Users ..................................................................
13.2.1 Copying Existing Users ...................................................
13.2.2 Creating a New User ......................................................
13.3 Maintaining Users ........................................................................
13.4 Mass Changes ..............................................................................
13.5 Resetting the Password ................................................................
13.6 Locking or Unlocking a User ........................................................
13.7 Central User Administration .........................................................
13.7.1 Setting Up a Central User Administration .......................
13.7.2 Creating and Maintaining Users Via a Central User
Administration ...............................................................
13.7.3 Troubleshooting .............................................................
13.7.4 Deactivating or Deleting a Central User Administration ....
13.8 User Groups ................................................................................
13.9 Deleting User Sessions .................................................................
13.9.1 Displaying Active Users ................................................
13.9.2 Deleting User Session ....................................................
13.10 System Administration .................................................................
13.10.1 Special User IDs .............................................................
13.10.2 Special Authorizations ...................................................
13.10.3 User Passwords ..............................................................
13.11 Summary .....................................................................................
551
554
554
562
563
563
566
568
571
571

592
596
599
608
610
610
612
613
613
614
615
616
14 Authorization Management .................................................... 617
14.1 Authorization Check Process ........................................................
14.2 Authorization Roles .....................................................................
14.2.1 Creating and Maintaining Single Roles ...........................
14.2.2 Creating and Maintaining Composite Roles ....................
14.3 Authorization Profiles ..................................................................
14.4 Utilities for Authorization Management .......................................
14.4.1 Default Values and Check Indicators ..............................
14.4.2 Authorization Trace .......................................................
14.4.3 Infosystem Authorizations .............................................
14.5 Summary .....................................................................................
618
618
619
629
636
640
640
645
650
652
15 Background Processing ..................................................... 653
15.1 Creating Background Jobs ............................................................
15.1.1 General .........................................................................
15.1.2 Creating and Scheduling Background Jobs .....................
15.2 Monitoring Background Jobs .......................................................
15.3 Graphical Job Scheduling Monitor ...............................................
15.4 Performance Factors for Background Jobs ....................................
15.5 Summary .....................................................................................
653
654
655
662
665
666
669
16 Output Management ................................................................. 671
16.1 Setting Up the Spool Servers ........................................................
16.2 Setting up Printers .......................................................................
16.2.1 Configuring Network Printers ........................................
16.2.2 Setting up Frontend Printers ..........................................
16.2.3 Transporting Output Devices .........................................
16.3 Outputting Data ..........................................................................
16.4 Output Control ............................................................................
16.5 Deleting Old Spool Requests .......................................................
16.6 Checking the Spool Consistency ...................................................
16.7 Checking the TemSe Consistency .................................................
16.8 Summary .....................................................................................
671
675
675
681
684
686
688
695
696
697
699
17 Change and Transport Management ......................................... 701
17.1 General Notes on Change Management .......................................
17.2 Transporting Objects ....................................................................
17.2.1 Creating a Transport Request .........................................
17.2.2 Recording Changes in a Transport Request .....................
17.2.3 Releasing a Transport Request .......................................
17.2.4 Importing Transport Requests ........................................
17.2.5 Checking the Transport Log ...........................................
17.3 Direct Table Maintenance ............................................................
17.4 Summary .....................................................................................
702
704
705
708
710
713
719
721
725
18 System Maintenance ................................................................. 727
18.1 Downloading SAP Support Packages ............................................
18.1.1 Determining the System’s Current Support Package
Level .............................................................................
18.1.2 Finding Support Packages ..............................................
18.1.3 Downloading Support Packages .....................................
18.2 Important Notes on Preparing and Executing System
Maintenance ...............................................................................
18.3 Performing a Kernel Update .........................................................
18.3.1 Kernel Backup ...............................................................
18.3.2 Unpacking a New Kernel ...............................................
18.3.3 Stopping the SAP System ...............................................
18.3.4 Replacing Kernel Files ....................................................
18.3.5 Starting the SAP System and Checking the Logs .............
18.4 Applying the SPAM/SAINT Update ..............................................
18.5 Importing ABAP Support Packages ..............................................
18.5.1 Making the Support Packages Available .........................
18.5.2 Importing the Support Packages ....................................
18.5.3 Performing a Modification Adjustment ..........................
18.5.4 Regenerating Objects ....................................................
18.5.5 Performing Regression Tests ...........................................
18.6 Installing Add-Ons .......................................................................
18.7 Summary .....................................................................................
728

729
734
748

751
752
753
753
755
755
756
757
761
762
766
778
779
783
783
789
19 Diagnostics and Troubleshooting .............................................. 791
19.1 Basic Procedure ...........................................................................
19.2 Troubleshooting with the SAP Support Portal ..............................
19.2.1 Searching for SAP Notes with the SAP Support Portal ....
19.2.2 Customer Messages .......................................................
19.3 Creating a Remote Service Connection ........................................
19.4 Implementing SAP Notes .............................................................
19.4.1 Checking the System Patch Level ...................................
19.4.2 Implementing SAP Notes with the Note Assistant ..........
19.5 Summary .................................................................................
791
794
795
798
819
828
830
832
836
Appendices ...................................................................................... 837
A Useful Transactions ...............................................................................
B Security-Relevant Transactions ..............................................................
C Useful Tables .........................................................................................
D Forms ...................................................................................................
E Bibliography ..........................................................................................
F The Author ...........................................................................................
839
845
851
855
861
863
Index .......................................................................................................... 865


 Download attached file.

You must be Logged in to download this file

Related Articles

0.0162 seconds.