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SAP MM Functionality and Technical Configuration PDF

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SAP MM Functionality and Technical Configuration PDF
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Here one can read and download the complete guide on SAP MM Functionality and Technical Configuration PDF which includes Overview of Materials Management, Master Data in MM, Vendor Master Data, Batch Management Data, Material Master Record, Purchase Requisition etc. 

Contents

1 Materials Management Overview 19
1.1 Materials Management as a Part of SAP .....................................................
1.1.1 SAP History .........................................................................................
1.1.2 Core SAP Functionality .....................................................................
1.2 Materials Management as Part of Logistics ................................................
1.2.1 Definition of Logistics and Supply Chain ........................................
1.2.2 Management of the Supply Chain ...................................................
1.2.3 SAP and Logistics ...............................................................................
1.3 MM Integration with Other Modules ..........................................................
1.3.1 The Material Flow of the Supply Chain ..........................................
1.3.2 The Information Flow of the Supply Chain ....................................
1.3.3 The Financial Flow of the Supply Chain .........................................
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2 MM Organizational Structure 25
2.1 Client Structure ................................................................................................
2.1.1 What is a Client? ................................................................................
2.1.2 Creating the Client Landscape .........................................................
2.1.3 Defining a Client ................................................................................
2.1.4 Correction and Transport System (CTS) .........................................
2.2 Company Code .................................................................................................
2.2.1 What is a Company? .........................................................................
2.2.2 Creating a Company Code ...............................................................
2.2.3 Assigning a Company Code ..............................................................
2.3 Plants ..................................................................................................................
2.3.1 What is a Plant? .................................................................................
2.3.2 Prerequisites for a Plant ....................................................................
2.3.3 Defining a Plant .................................................................................
2.3.4 Valuation Level ..................................................................................
2.3.5 Assigning a Plant ................................................................................
2.4 Storage Locations .............................................................................................
2.4.1 What is a Storage Location? .............................................................
2.4.2 Defining a Storage Location .............................................................
2.4.3 Automatic Creation of Storage Locations .......................................
2.5 Warehouse and Storage Types ......................................................................
2.5.1 Assign a Warehouse to Plant and Storage Location ......................
2.5.2 Storage Type ......................................................................................
2.5.3 Storage Sections and Storage Bins ..................................................
2.6 Purchasing Organization .................................................................................
2.6.1 What is a Purchasing Organization? ................................................
2.6.2 Types of Purchasing Organizations ..................................................
2.6.3 Create a Purchasing Organization ....................................................
2.6.4 Purchasing Groups .............................................................................

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3 Master Data in MM 43
3.1 Material Master ................................................................................................
3.1.1 Material Master Overview ................................................................
3.1.2 Material Master Tables ......................................................................
3.1.3 Material Numbering ..........................................................................
3.1.4 Material Number Range ...................................................................
3.1.5 Material Type .....................................................................................
3.2 Vendor Master ..................................................................................................
3.2.1 Definition of a Vendor ......................................................................
3.2.2 Vendor Master in SAP .......................................................................
3.2.3 Vendor Account Groups ...................................................................
3.2.4 Vendor Number Range .....................................................................
3.3 Purchasing Information Data .........................................................................
3.3.1 Purchasing Information Record .......................................................
3.3.2 Purchasing Information Record for a Non-Stock Material ...........
3.3.3 Purchasing Information Record Numbering ...................................
3.3.4 Purchasing Information Record-Screen Layout .............................
3.4 Batch Management Data ................................................................................
3.4.1 What is a Batch? ................................................................................
3.4.2 Batch Level .........................................................................................
3.4.3 Changing the Batch Level .................................................................
3.4.4 Batch-Status Management ...............................................................
3.4.5 Initial Batch Status .............................................................................
3.4.6 Batch-Number Assignment ..............................................................
3.5 Serial Number Data ..........................................................................................
3.5.1 What is a Serial Number? .................................................................
3.5.2 Serial Number Profile ........................................................................
3.5.3 Serializing Procedures .......................................................................

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4 Material Master Data 63
4.1 Industry Sector .................................................................................................
4.2 Material Type ....................................................................................................
4.2.1 Standard Material Types ...................................................................
4.2.2 Configuring Material Types ..............................................................
4.2.3 Changing a Material Type .................................................................
4.3 Basic Data ..........................................................................................................
4.3.1 Creating a Material Master Record—Immediately ........................
4.3.2 Creating a Material Master Record—Schedule ..............................
4.3.3 Creating a Material Master Record—Special .................................
4.3.4 Organizational Levels ........................................................................
4.3.5 Basic Data Screen ..............................................................................
4.4 Classification Data ...........................................................................................
4.4.1 Class Type ...........................................................................................
4.4.2 Classes .................................................................................................
4.4.3 Characteristics ....................................................................................
4.5 Purchasing Data ...............................................................................................
4.5.1 General Data ......................................................................................
4.5.2 Purchasing Value Key ........................................................................
4.5.3 Other Data .........................................................................................
4.5.4 Foreign Trade Data ............................................................................
4.5.5 Origin of Material ..............................................................................
4.5.6 Preferences .........................................................................................
4.5.7 Legal Control ......................................................................................
4.5.8 Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) .................................................
4.5.9 Manufacturer Parts ............................................................................
4.6 Forecasting Data ..............................................................................................
4.6.1 General Forecast Data ......................................................................
4.6.2 Number of Periods Required ...........................................................
4.6.3 Control Data ......................................................................................
4.7 Work Scheduling Data ....................................................................................
4.7.1 General Data ......................................................................................
4.7.2 Tolerance Data ...................................................................................
4.7.3 Lot-Size Dependent In-House Production Time ...........................
4.7.4 Lot-Size Independent In-House Production Time .........................
4.8 Sales Organizational Data ..............................................................................
4.8.1 General Data ......................................................................................
4.8.2 Grouping Items ..................................................................................
4.8.3 Tax Data ..............................................................................................
4.8.4 Quantity Stipulations ........................................................................
4.8.5 Material Groups .................................................................................
4.8.6 Product Attributes .............................................................................
4.9 Sales General Data ...........................................................................................
4.9.1 General Data ......................................................................................
4.9.2 Shipping Data .....................................................................................
4.9.3 General Plant Parameters .................................................................
4.10 Production Resources and Tools Data ..........................................................
4.10.1 General Data ......................................................................................
4.10.2 Default Values for Task List Assignment .........................................
4.11 General Plant Data ...........................................................................................
4.11.1 General Data ......................................................................................
4.11.2 Shelf-Life Data ...................................................................................
4.12 Warehouse Management Data ......................................................................
4.12.1 General Data ......................................................................................
4.12.2 Palletization Data ...............................................................................
4.12.3 Storage Strategies ..............................................................................
4.12.4 Storage Bin Stock ...............................................................................
4.13 Quality Management Data .............................................................................
4.13.1 General Data ......................................................................................
4.13.2 Procurement Data .............................................................................
4.14 Material Requirements Planning Data .........................................................
4.14.1 Forecast Requirements .....................................................................
4.14.2 Planning ..............................................................................................
4.14.3 Availability Check ..............................................................................
4.14.4 Bill of Materials Explosion ................................................................
4.14.5 Discontinued Parts ............................................................................
4.14.6 Repetitive Manufacturing/Assembly ...............................................
4.14.7 General Data ......................................................................................
4.14.8 MRP Procedure ..................................................................................
4.14.9 Lot Size Data ......................................................................................
4.14.10 Procurement .......................................................................................
4.14.11 Net Requirements Calculations .......................................................
4.14.12 Deployment Strategy ........................................................................
4.15 Accounting Data ...............................................................................................
4.15.1 General Data ......................................................................................
4.15.2 Current Valuation ..............................................................................
4.15.3 Determination of Lowest Price ........................................................
4.15.4 LIFO Data ...........................................................................................
4.16 Costing Data .....................................................................................................
4.16.1 General Data ......................................................................................
4.16.2 Quantity Structure Data ....................................................................

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5 Vendor Master Data 137
5.1 General Data .....................................................................................................
5.1.1 Address Screen ...................................................................................
5.1.2 Control Screen ...................................................................................
5.1.3 Payment Transactions .......................................................................
5.2 Accounting Information ..................................................................................
5.2.1 Accounting Information ....................................................................
5.2.2 Payment Transactions .......................................................................
5.2.3 Correspondence Screen ....................................................................
5.3 Purchasing Data ................................................................................................
5.3.1 Purchasing Data Screen ....................................................................
5.3.2 Partner Functions ...............................................................................

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6 Purchasing Information Data 161
6.1 Purchasing General Data .................................................................................
6.1.1 Create a Purchasing Information Record ........................................
6.1.2 Create a Purchasing Information Record with
Material Number ...............................................................................
6.1.3 Create a Purchasing Information Record without a
Material Number ...............................................................................
6.1.4 General Data Screen .........................................................................
6.2 Purchasing Organization Data .......................................................................
6.2.1 Conditions ..........................................................................................
6.2.2 Text Screen .........................................................................................
6.2.3 Statistical Data ...................................................................................

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7 Batch Management Data 173
7.1 Batch Management Overview .......................................................................
7.1.1 Batch Definition .................................................................................
7.1.2 Pharmaceutical Industry ...................................................................
7.2 Batch Master Record .......................................................................................
7.2.1 Creating a Batch ................................................................................
7.2.2 Changing a Batch ...............................................................................
7.2.3 Deleting a Batch ................................................................................
7.3 Batch Determination .......................................................................................
7.3.1 Batch Determination Condition Tables ..........................................
7.3.2 Batch Determination Access Sequences .........................................
7.3.3 Batch Strategy Types .........................................................................
7.3.4 Batch Search Procedure ....................................................................
7.4 Batch Information Cockpit .............................................................................
7.4.1 Batch Information Cockpit Overview .............................................
7.4.2 Batch Information Cockpit Standard Configuration ......................
7.4.3 Batch Information Cockpit User-Defined Configuration ..............

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8 Material Master Record 191
8.1 Creating a Material Master Record ...............................................................
8.1.1 Create a Material Master Record through a Schedule ..................
8.2 Changing a Material Master Record .............................................................
8.2.1 Change a Material Master Record—Immediately .........................
8.2.2 Change a Material Master Record—Schedule ...............................
8.2.3 Change a Material Master Record—Activate .................................
8.3 Material Master Deletion ...............................................................................
8.3.1 Flag for Deletion—Immediately ......................................................
8.3.2 Flag for Deletion—Schedule ............................................................
8.3.3 Flag for Deletion—Proposal List ......................................................
8.3.4 Material Master Archiving ................................................................
8.3.5 Remove a Material-Deletion Flag ....................................................
8.4 Loading Material Master Records .................................................................
8.4.1 Loading Material Master Records via Direct Input .......................
8.4.2 Distribution of Material Master Records via ALE ..........................
8.5 Production Versions .........................................................................................
8.5.1 Production Version Overview ..........................................................
8.5.2 Creating a Production Version .........................................................
8.5.3 Production Versions—Mass Processing ..........................................
8.6 Revision Levels ..................................................................................................
8.6.1 Revision Level Overview ...................................................................
8.6.2 Revision Level Configuration ............................................................
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9 Vendor Master Record 207
9.1 Creating Vendor Master Record ....................................................................
9.2 Changing Vendor Master Record ..................................................................
9.2.1 Change Vendor Master Record—Current ......................................
9.2.2 Change Vendor Master Record—Planned ......................................
9.2.3 Display Planned Changes to Vendor Master Records ...................
9.2.4 Activate Planned Changes ................................................................
9.2.5 Change Vendor Account Group ......................................................
9.3 Deleting Vendor Master Record ....................................................................
9.3.1 Flag a Vendor Master Record for Deletion .....................................
9.3.2 Deleting Vendor Records via Archiving ..........................................
9.4 Display Vendor Master Record ......................................................................
9.4.1 Display Vendor Master Record—Current .......................................
9.4.2 Display Vendor Master Record—Per Key Date .............................
9.4.3 Display Vendors—Purchasing List ...................................................
9.5 Blocking Vendors ..............................................................................................
9.5.1 Block a Vendor—Purchasing ............................................................
9.6 One Time Vendor .............................................................................................
9.7 Vendor Sub-Range Functionality ...................................................................
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10 Purchasing Overview 221
10.1 Purchase Requisition .......................................................................................
10.2 Request for Quotation ....................................................................................
10.3 Quotation ..........................................................................................................
10.4 Purchase Order .................................................................................................
10.5 Source List and Source Determination .........................................................
10.5.1 Single Source ......................................................................................
10.5.2 Multi-Source .......................................................................................
10.5.3 Generate a Source List ......................................................................
10.5.4 Source Determination .......................................................................
10.6 Conditions in Purchasing ................................................................................
10.6.1 Condition Processing .........................................................................
10.6.2 Pricing Conditions .............................................................................
10.6.3 Taxes ....................................................................................................
10.6.4 Delivery Costs ....................................................................................
10.7 Vendor Evaluation ............................................................................................
10.7.1 Vendor Evaluation Overview ...........................................................
10.7.2 Vendor Evaluation Criteria ...............................................................
10.7.3 Vendor Evaluation Weighting ..........................................................
10.7.4 Points Scoring for Criteria ................................................................
10.7.5 Maintain Vendor Evaluation ............................................................
10.7.6 Scoring for Automatic and Semi-Automatic Criteria ....................
10.7.7 Evaluation for a Material ..................................................................
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11 Purchase Requisition 243
11.1 Indirectly Created Requisition .......................................................................
11.1.1 Purchase Requisition Created by Production Order .....................
11.1.2 Purchase Requisition Created by Plant Maintenance Order ........
11.1.3 Purchase Requisition Created by Project Systems ........................
11.1.4 Purchase Requisition Created by Materials Planning ....................
11.2 Directly Created Requisition ..........................................................................
11.2.1 Create a Purchase Requisition with a Material Master Record ...
11.2.2 Create a Purchase Requisition without a Material
Master Record ....................................................................................
11.3 Processing a Purchase Requisition ................................................................
11.3.1 Change a Purchase Requisition ........................................................
11.3.2 Display a Purchase Requisition ........................................................
11.3.3 Close a Purchase Requisition ...........................................................
11.3.4 Follow-on Functions .........................................................................
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12 Request for Quotation 255
12.1 Creating a Request for Quotation .................................................................
12.1.1 RFQ Type ............................................................................................
12.1.2 RFQ Date ............................................................................................
12.1.3 Quotation Deadline ..........................................................................
12.1.4 RFQ Document Number ..................................................................
12.1.5 Organizational Data ..........................................................................
12.1.6 Default Data for Items ......................................................................
12.1.7 Collective Number ............................................................................
12.1.8 Validity Start/Validity End ................................................................
12.1.9 Application By ....................................................................................
12.1.10 Binding Period ...................................................................................
12.1.11 Reference Data ..................................................................................
12.1.12 RFQ Item Detail .................................................................................
12.1.13 RFQ Delivery Schedule .....................................................................
12.1.14 Additional Data ..................................................................................
12.1.15 Vendor Selection ...............................................................................
12.2 Changing a Request for Quotation ...............................................................
12.3 Releasing an RFQ .............................................................................................
12.3.1 Release Code/Release Group/Release Strategy .............................
12.3.2 Set Release/Cancel Release ..............................................................
12.3.3 Release Prerequisite Fulfilled ...........................................................
12.3.4 List With items ...................................................................................
12.3.5 Scope of List .......................................................................................
12.3.6 Purchasing Document Category ......................................................
12.3.7 Other Selection Criteria ....................................................................
12.4 Issuing a Request for Quotation to a Vendor .............................................
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13 Quotation 269
13.1 Entering a Quotation .......................................................................................
13.2 Comparing Quotations ....................................................................................
13.2.1 Price Comparison Factor in Quotations ..........................................
13.2.2 Other Qualitative Factors in Quotations ........................................
13.3 Rejecting Quotations .......................................................................................
13.3.1 Flagging the Quotation as Rejected ................................................
13.3.2 Printing the Quotation Rejection ....................................................
13.3.3 Advising Unsuccessful Bidders .........................................................
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14 Purchase Order 277
14.1 Create a Purchase Order .................................................................................
14.1.1 Create a Purchase Order with Vendor Known. .............................
14.1.2 Create a Purchase Order Where Vendor is Unknown ..................
14.2 Maintaining a Purchase Order .......................................................................
14.3 Blocking and Canceling a Purchase Order ...................................................
14.3.1 Block a Purchase Order Line Item ...................................................
14.3.2 Canceling a Purchase Order Line Item ............................................
14.4 Account Assignment in a Purchase Order ....................................................
14.4.1 Account Assignment Overview ........................................................
14.4.2 Account Assignment Categories ......................................................
14.4.3 Single Account Assignment ..............................................................
14.4.4 Multiple Account Assignment ..........................................................
14.5 Outline Purchase Agreement pause ..............................................................
14.5.1 Outline Purchase Agreement Overview .........................................
14.5.2 Outline Purchase Agreement Types ................................................
14.6 Scheduling Agreement ....................................................................................
14.6.1 Scheduling Agreement Overview ....................................................
14.6.2 Create a Scheduling Agreement Manually .....................................
14.6.3 Create a Scheduling Agreement with Reference ...........................
14.7 Contracts ............................................................................................................
14.7.1 Contract Overview ............................................................................
14.7.2 Centrally Agreed Contract ................................................................
14.7.3 Creating a Contract ...........................................................................
14.7.4 Release Order Against a Contract ....................................................
14.8 Vendor Confirmation .......................................................................................
14.8.1 Vendor Confirmation Overview ......................................................
14.8.2 Confirmation Configuration .............................................................
14.8.3 Enter a Manual Confirmation ..........................................................
14.9 Messages and Outputs ...................................................................................
14.9.1 Message Overview ............................................................................
14.9.2 Message Creation ..............................................................................
14.9.3 Message Output Definition ..............................................................
14.9.4 Output Messages ...............................................................................
14.10 Reporting ...........................................................................................................
14.10.1 Reporting Overview ..........................................................................
14.11 Release Procedures ..........................................................................................
14.11.1 Introduction to Release Procedures ................................................
14.11.2 Release with Classification for a Purchase Requisition .................
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15 External Service Management (ESM) 303
15.1 Service Master Record ....................................................................................
15.1.1 Service Number .................................................................................
15.1.2 Service Category ................................................................................
15.1.3 Material/Service Group .....................................................................
15.1.4 Tax Indicator ......................................................................................
15.1.5 Valuation Class ...................................................................................
15.1.6 Formula ...............................................................................................
15.1.7 Graphic ...............................................................................................
15.2 Standard Service Catalog (SSC) .....................................................................
15.2.1 Overview ............................................................................................
15.2.2 Creating a SSC Entry .........................................................................
15.3 Conditions in ESM ...........................................................................................
15.3.1 Total Price Condition ........................................................................
15.4 Procurement of Services .................................................................................
15.4.1 Using a Purchase Order ....................................................................
15.5 Entry of Services ...............................................................................................
15.5.1 Service Entry Sheet ............................................................................
15.6 Blanket Purchase Order ..................................................................................
15.6.1 Creating a Blanket Purchase Order .................................................
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16 Consumption-Based Planning 317
16.1 Master Data in CBP .........................................................................................
16.1.1 Material Master Record ....................................................................
16.1.2 Planning Calendar ..............................................................................
16.2 Planning Process ...............................................................................................
16.2.1 Planning at the Plant Level ...............................................................
16.2.2 Planning at the Storage Location Level ...........................................
16.3 Planning Evaluation .........................................................................................
16.3.1 MRP List ..............................................................................................
16.3.2 Stock/Requirements List ...................................................................
16.4 Procurement Proposal .....................................................................................
16.4.1 Purchase Requisitions ........................................................................
16.4.2 Schedule Lines ...................................................................................
16.4.3 Planned Orders ..................................................................................
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17 Material Requirements Planning 327
17.1 Reorder Point Planning ...................................................................................
17.1.1 Manual Reorder Point Planning .......................................................
17.1.2 Automatic Reorder Point Planning ..................................................
17.2 Forecast-Based Planning .................................................................................
17.3 Time-Phased Planning .....................................................................................
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18 Forecasting 333
18.1 Forecast Models ...............................................................................................
18.1.1 Constant Model .................................................................................
18.1.2 Trend Model .......................................................................................
18.1.3 Seasonal Model ..................................................................................
18.1.4 Seasonal Trend Model .......................................................................
18.2 Forecast Parameters .........................................................................................
18.2.1 Create Forecast Profile ......................................................................
18.3 Forecast Options ..............................................................................................
18.3.1 Manual Forecast Model Selection ...................................................
18.3.2 Automatic Forecast Model Selection ..............................................
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19 Inventory Management Overview 341
19.1 Goods Movements ...........................................................................................
19.1.1 Material Document ...........................................................................
19.1.2 Movement Types ...............................................................................
19.2 Goods Issue .......................................................................................................
19.3 Goods Receipt ...................................................................................................
19.4 Physical Inventory ............................................................................................
19.5 Returns ...............................................................................................................
19.5.1 Introduction to Returns ....................................................................
19.5.2 Creating a Return ...............................................................................
19.5.3 Configuring Reason for Movement .................................................
19.5.4 Material Documents .........................................................................
19.6 Reservations ......................................................................................................
19.6.1 Introduction to Reservations ...........................................................
19.6.2 Creating a Manual Reservation ........................................................
19.6.3 MRP and Reservations ......................................................................
19.6.4 Reservations Management Program ...............................................
19.7 Stock Transfers .................................................................................................
19.7.1 Stock Transfer and Transfer Posting ................................................
19.7.2 Transfer Between Storage Locations ...............................................
19.7.3 Transfer Between Plants ...................................................................
19.7.4 Transfer between Company Codes .................................................
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20 Goods Issue 361
20.1 Goods Issue to a Production Order ..............................................................
20.1.1 Planned Goods Issue .........................................................................
20.1.2 Unplanned Goods Issue ....................................................................
20.1.3 Backflushing .......................................................................................
20.2 Goods Issue to Scrap .......................................................................................
20.3 Goods Issue for Sampling ...............................................................................
20.4 Goods Issue Posting ........................................................................................
20.4.1 Material Document ...........................................................................
20.4.2 Accounting Document ......................................................................
20.4.3 Goods Issue Slip ................................................................................
20.4.4 Stock Changes ....................................................................................
20.4.5 General Ledger Account Changes ...................................................
20.5 Goods Issue Reversal .......................................................................................
20.5.1 Goods Issue Reversal with Reference to a Material Document
20.5.2 Goods Issue Reversal with Reference to a Reservation ................
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21 Goods Receipt 373
21.1 Goods Receipt for a Purchase Order ............................................................
21.1.1 Goods Receipt Where Purchase Order Number is Known ..........
21.1.2 Goods Receipt Where Purchase Order Number is Unknown
21.1.3 Goods Receipt Posting ......................................................................
21.2 Goods Receipt for a Production Order .........................................................
21.3 Initial Entry of Inventory .................................................................................
21.4 Other Goods Receipts .....................................................................................
21.4.1 Goods Receipt Without a Production Order .................................
21.4.2 Goods Receipt of By-products .........................................................
21.4.3 Goods Receipt for Free Goods ........................................................
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375
376
377
379
380
380
381
382
22 Physical Inventory 383
22.1 Physical Inventory Preparation ......................................................................
22.1.1 Preparations for a Physical Inventory Count ..................................
22.1.2 Creating the Physical Inventory Count Document ........................
22.1.3 Printing the Physical Inventory Count Documents .......................
22.2 Counting and Recounts ...................................................................................
22.2.1 Entering the Count ............................................................................
22.2.2 Difference List ....................................................................................
22.2.3 Missing Material .................................................................................
22.2.4 Recounts .............................................................................................
22.3 Physical Inventory Posting ..............................................................................
22.3.1 Posting the Count Document ..........................................................
22.3.2 Posting a Count Without a Document ...........................................
22.3.3 Accounting of Inventory Differences ..............................................
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384
384
386
387
387
388
389
389
390
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391
393
23 Invoice Verification 395
23.1 Standard Three-Way Match ...........................................................................
23.1.1 Entering an Invoice ............................................................................
23.1.2 Simulate Posting ................................................................................
23.1.3 Invoice Posting ...................................................................................
23.2 Evaluated Receipt Settlement (ERS) .............................................................
23.2.1 Benefits of ERS ...................................................................................
23.2.2 Running the Evaluated Receipt Settlement ....................................
23.3 Document Parking ............................................................................................
23.3.1 Document Parking Overview ...........................................................
23.3.2 Benefits of Document Parking .........................................................
23.3.3 Parking an Invoice .............................................................................
23.4 Variances and Blocking Invoices ....................................................................
23.4.1 Variances .............................................................................................
23.4.2 Tolerance Limits .................................................................................
23.4.3 Blocking Invoices ...............................................................................
23.4.4 Manual Block ......................................................................................
23.4.5 Stochastic or Random Block .............................................................
23.4.6 Block due to Amount of an Invoice Item .......................................
23.4.7 Block due to Variance of an Invoice Item ......................................
23.5 Releasing Invoices ............................................................................................
23.5.1 Releasing Invoices Automatically .....................................................
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397
398
398
398
399
400
400
400
401
401
401
402
404
404
405
407
408
409
409
24 Balance Sheet Valuation 411
24.1 LIFO Valuation ..................................................................................................
24.1.1 Configuration for LIFO ......................................................................
24.1.2 Preparation for LIFO .........................................................................
24.1.3 Running a LIFO Valuation ................................................................
24.2 FIFO Valuation ..................................................................................................
24.2.1 Configuration for FIFO .....................................................................
24.2.2 Preparation for FIFO .........................................................................
24.2.3 Running a FIFO Valuation ................................................................
24.3 Lowest Value Determination .........................................................................
24.3.1 Lowest Value Determination Based on Market Prices ..................
24.3.2 Lowest Value Determination Based on Range of Coverage .........
24.3.3 Lowest Value Determination Based on Movement Rate .............
411
412
413
415
416
416
417
417
419
419
421
422
25 Material Ledger 425
25.1 Material Ledger Overview ..............................................................................
25.1.1 Activating the Material Ledger and Actual Costing .......................
25.2 Material Ledger Data .......................................................................................
25.2.1 Material Master Record ....................................................................
25.2.2 Data for the Material Ledger ............................................................
25.3 Material Price Determination ........................................................................
25.3.1 Material Price Analysis ......................................................................
25.3.2 Single-Level Material Price Determination .....................................
25.3.3 Multi-Level Material Price Determination ......................................
25.3.4 Transaction-Based Material Price Determination ..........................
425
425
426
426
427
428
428
429
430
430
26 Classification System 433
26.1 Classification Overview ...................................................................................
26.1.1 What is a Classification System? ......................................................
26.1.2 Describing an Object ........................................................................
26.2 Characteristics ..................................................................................................
26.2.1 Create Characteristics .......................................................................
26.2.2 Configuring Characteristics ...............................................................
26.3 Classes ................................................................................................................
26.3.1 Create Classes ....................................................................................
26.4 Class Type ..........................................................................................................
26.4.1 Class Type Overview .........................................................................
26.4.2 Configuring a Class Type ..................................................................
26.5 Class Hierarchies ..............................................................................................
26.5.1 Creating a Class Hierarchy ................................................................
26.5.2 Inherited Characteristics ...................................................................
26.6 Object Dependencies ......................................................................................
26.6.1 Object Dependency Overview .........................................................
26.6.2 Dependency Creation .......................................................................
26.7 Finding Objects Using Classification ............................................................
26.7.1 Classifying Materials ..........................................................................
26.7.2 Classifying Objects .............................................................................
26.7.3 Finding Objects ..................................................................................
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433
434
434
434
436
438
438
439
439
440
442
442
443
443
443
444
444
444
446
447
27 Document Management 449
27.1 Document Management Overview ...............................................................
27.2 Document Information Record ......................................................................
27.2.1 Document Number ...........................................................................
27.2.2 Document Type .................................................................................
27.2.3 Document Part ...................................................................................
27.2.4 Document Version .............................................................................
27.2.5 Document Status ...............................................................................
27.3 Creating a Document .......................................................................................
27.3.1 Create a Document ...........................................................................
27.4 Linking an Object to a Document .................................................................
27.4.1 Configuration for Linking Documents .............................................
27.4.2 Linking a Document to a Material Master Record ........................
27.4.3 Linking a Document to a Vendor Master Record ..........................
27.5 Documents and Classification ........................................................................
27.5.1 Using Classification for Documents .................................................
449
449
449
450
451
451
451
452
452
453
453
453
454
455
455
A Bibliography 457
B Glossary 459
C About the Author 465
Index 467


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