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SAP QM Certification - Study Guide - Test Equipment Management

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SAP QM Certification - Study Guide - Test Equipment Management

SAP QM Certification - Saplutions Study Guide - Test Equipment Management

  1. Objective of the Test Equipment  Management Application Component- The combination of planning and processing functions in Plant Maintenance and Quality Management application components that provide a comprehensive process for monitoring, calibrating, and maintaining test equipment. The component is used to plan and perform calibration inspections of the test equipment.  Inspection results are used to confirm the accuracy and suitability of equipment for inspection material. The decision is made whether or not the test equipment is released for subsequent use based on the inspection results. In addition, inspection lots can be used for maintenance orders for extended recording of measurement readings in plant maintenance. As a result, inspection results can be recorded for functional locations and test equipment. 
  2. Test Equipment Management Components - Master data, calibration planning, and calibration inspection are the components of Test Equipment Management.
  3. Test Equipment Management Functions - Maintenance Order Processing, Results HIstory, Work Lists, Notifications, Calibration Intervals, Linkage of Inspection Characteristics and Inspection Points, Trend Analysis, Calibration Orders, Usage List, and Inspection Decisions are Functions of the Test Equipment Management module.
  4. Components of the Test Equipment Management Component  -
    1. Test Equipment Management Master Data - Equipment master, maintenance plan, and maintenance task list are master data used in the Test Equipment Management module.
      1. Equipment Master Record - An equipment master represents test equipment in the system. Similar pieces of test equipment can be combined in a test equipment group. In addition, the classification system can be used to categorize the equipment according to technical characteristics to simply the process of locating the record.
      2. Plant Maintenance Plan - A central planning object to which the equipment list, routing, scheduling parameters, order specifications, and maintenance strategies are assigned. The type and scope of recurring activities are determined by the maintenance plan. Time-based or performance-based intervals for the performance of the activities can be defined in the maintenance plan.
      3. Plant Maintenance Task List - A description of the activities that are performed on a recurring basis.  The task list serves to standardize the recurrent activities and therefore enhances the efficiency of same.  A maintenance task list can be referenced in a maintenance pan.  If so, the task list determines the activities that are performed on a scheduled deadline.
    2. Calibration Inspection Objects
      1. Maintenance Pan
      2. Maintenance Strategy
      3. Maintenance Cycle
      4. Maintenance Item
      5. Maintenance Order
      6. Maintenance Task List
      7. Characteristic
      8. Test Equipment Master Record
    3. Calibration Planning  Component - The component is used to create the master data and planning objects that are required to conduct the calibration inspection.  In addition, it is used to enter the assignments required for the automatic creation of an inspection lot at the release of the maintenance order.
      1. Calibration Inspection Specifications -  The creation of the equipment master records, maintenance plan, master inspection characteristics and maintenance task list are calibration planning activities. The task list characteristics include both quantitative and qualitative inspection specifications that may include target values, tolerances, and codes for attributive valuations.  Maintenance operations are also defined in the task list.
      2.  Calibration Inspection Schedule - A batch program is used to automatically schedule the maintenance plan. The scheduling function produces calls that are converted to maintenance orders of the scheduled dates. Customizing settings can ensure that the maintenance orders are automatically released and that inspection lots are created. Unplanned calibration inspections can require the manual creation of a maintenance notification and a maintenance order.
      3. Measurement Document - Measurement documents for test equipment can be updated with test results. Measurement points can be defined for each item of equipment. A manual PM activity is used to update the measurement documents with the measurement readings. However, a linkage of master inspection characteristics and measuring points enables the automatic update of the measurement documents.
      4. Calibration Inspection Intervals - A central maintenance strategy can be used to define inspection intervals that can be referenced in a number of different maintenance plans.  Using a maintenance strategy, unique inspection intervals can be defined for each operation. As an alternative, a maintenance cycle can be defined at the maintenance plan level. In addition, a single-cycle plan can be defined that includes only one inspection interval for all operations in the maintenance task list. The inspection intervals can be defined on the basis of time or performance. A multiple-counter plan can also be defined that includes both time and performance based intervals.
    4. Calibration Inspection Component - The component is used to process the calibration inspection.
      1. Planned Calibration Inspection - A list of the calibration inspections planned for a specific time period and for a specific set of criteria. The list is used by employees to prepare equipment for the pending inspection.
      2.  Automatic Inspection Lot Creation - An inspection lot is automatically created when a maintenance order is released. In turn, a worklist is created that identifies all orders that have been released and all inspection lots that should be processed. The inspection lots that are listed can be processed in any order.
      3. Maintenance Order Processing - Confirmations for the maintenance order are made during a calibration inspection. The confirmation is made in order to record the costs associated with the activities that are performed and for the materials that are required during the conduct of the inspection.
      4.  Results Recording - A worklist can be used to record results for a calibration inspection. Requirements for multiple measurements can be entered in sampling procedures.
      5. Corrective Actions - Maintenance notifications can be created if characteristics are rejected on the basis of inspection results. The notifications can trigger corrective tasks and document the outcome of the tasks.
      6. Equipment Valuation and Follow-up Actions - An equipment valuation is made after results have been recorded for the equipment. After the valuation of all equipment, the usage decision is made for the inspection lot.  Automatic follow-up actions can be triggered on the basis of the usage decision.
      7. Update Equipment Status - A status is maintained for each item of test equipment in the equipment master record.  The status determines if the equipment is released for use. The valuation of the equipment determines the status.
      8. Change Cycle Modification Factor - The factor influences the inspection interval in a maintenance plan for a calibration. The cycle modification factor can be changed when a usage decision is entered to the system.
      9.  Update Measurement Documents - Measurement documents can be created automatically for each measurement point if they are defined for the test equipment. If so, the results of the calibration inspection serve to update the measurement documents. The measurement documents can be viewed the the equipment history.
    5. Test Equipment Management Evaluations
      1. Results History - Results are displayed on a characteristic basis.
      2. Trend Analysis using a Run Chart - Characteristic results are represented as a run chart. A regression line in the chart in an indication of the point at which a tolerance limit will be exceeded.
      3.  Usage List - Information related to the test equipment is displayed including the related cost center, location and work center.

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