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SAP R/3 System Administration

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SAP R/3 System Administration
Stechies

Contents

 Foreword to the series of books ================================= 13

 Foreword ==================================================15

 Introduction ================================================17

1 Technical Realization of Client/Server
Architecture in SAP R/3 =======================================21

1.1 Client/Server Architecture in SAP R/3 ........................................................................ 21
1.2 Internet Connection ........................................................................   24
1.2.1 Internet Transaction Server (ITS) ........................................................................  25
1.2.2 Internet Communication Manager (ICM) ........................................................................26
1.2.3 Business Connector ........................................................................  26
1.3 Presentation Layer ........................................................................  27
1.4 Application Layer ........................................................................  33
1.5 Database Layer ........................................................................  39
1.6 Network ........................................................................  41
1.7 Operating System ........................................................................  42
1.7.1Directory Structure ........................................................................  43
1.7.2Users ........................................................................  44
1.8Tips ........................................................................  45
1.9Transactions and Menu Paths ........................................................................  45
1.10 Additional Documentation ........................................................................  46
1.11 Questions ........................................................................  46

2 Getting Started
================================= 49

2.1Starting the Database and SAP R/3 Instances .......................................49
2.2Stopping SAP R/3 Instances and the Database ........................................................................ 57
2.3Starting the Frontend ....................................... 57
2.4General Administrative Tasks ....................................... 59
2.4.1Status ....................................... 59
2.4.2System Monitoring ....................................... 60
2.4.3System Log ....................................... 66
2.4.4 System Messages ....................................... 66
2.4.5Lists ....................................... 67
2.4.6Table Maintenance ....................................... 67
2.5Tips ....................................... 69
2.6Transactions and Menu Paths ....................................... 70
2.7Additional Documentation ....................................... 70
2.8Questions ....................................... 71

3 Service and Support
  ================================= 73

3.1Remote Connection ....................................... 73
3.1.1General Comments ....................................... 73
3.1.2SAProuter ....................................... 75
3.1.3Setting Up a Connection ....................................... 77
3.2SAP Services ....................................... 79
3.3Essential Services ....................................... 80
3.3.1Problem Management ....................................... 80
3.3.2SAP Notes Database ....................................... 82
3.3.3Service Connections ....................................... 82
3.3.4Registration of Developers and Objects ....................................... 84
3.3.5Registration of Namespaces ....................................... 84
3.3.6License Key ....................................... 85
3.3.7Migration Key ....................................... 86
3.3.8Support Packages and Software Download ....................................... 86
3.4Support Tools ....................................... 86
3.4.1EarlyWatch Alert ....................................... 86
3.4.2Note Assistant ....................................... 86
3.5SAP Solution Manager: Overview ....................................... 88
3.6Tips ....................................... 92
3.7Transactions and Menu Paths ....................................... 92
3.8Additional Documentation ....................................... 92
3.9Questions ....................................... 93

4 Installation Concepts
  ================================= 95

4.1Preparations ....................................... 95
4.2Architecture of the R3setup Installation Tool ....................................... 101
4.3Installation Steps ....................................... 103
4.4Changes with the SAP Web Application Server ....................................... 110
4.4.1SAPinst ....................................... 110
4.4.2MCOD: Multiple Components on One Database ....................................... 113
4.5Postprocessing ....................................... 114
4.6Tips ....................................... 119
4.7Transactions and Menu Paths ....................................... 120
4.8Additional Documentation ....................................... 120
4.9Questions ....................................... 121

5 Setting Up the System Landscape
  ================================= 123

5.1Initializing the Change and Transport System ....................................... 124
5.2Tasks of a System Landscape ......................................127
5.3Configuration of the Transport Management System ......................................130
5.3.1Transport Domains ............................................................................130
5.3.2Transport Routes ............................................................................137
5.3.3Extended Transport Control ......................................140
5.3.4QA Approval Procedure ......................................141
5.3.5Transport Strategy ............................................................................142
5.4Transport Control Program tp ......................................143
5.5Tips ............................................................................144
5.6Transactions and Menu Paths ......................................144
5.7Additional Documentation ......................................144
5.8Questions ............................................................................145

6 Software Logistics
  ================================= 147

6.1Implementation Guide ......................................147
6.2Object Editing ......................................150
6.2.1Change Requests ......................................151
6.2.2Editing Requests with the Transport Organizer ..................153
6.2.3Transport Logs ......................................161
6.2.4Transport Organizer (Extended View) ....................166
6.2.5Transport Tools ......................................167
6.3Importing Transport Requests ......................................168
6.4Manual Operation of the Transport Control Program tp ..............171
6.5Importing Support Packages and Industry Solutions ...................172
6.5.1Importing Support Packages ......................................172
6.5.2Importing Add-Ons ......................................174
6.6Tips ............................................................................175
6.7Transactions and Menu Paths ......................................176
6.8Additional Documentation ......................................177
6.9Questions ......................................................................177

7 Client Administration
  ================================= 179

7.1Creating New Clients ......................................180
7.2Local Copy ......................................186
7.3Remote Copy ......................................192
7.4Client Transport ......................................194
7.5Special Functions ......................................203
7.6Tips ......................................204
7.7Transactions and Menu Paths ......................................207
7.8Additional Documentation ......................................208
7.9Questions ......................................208

8 R/3 Users and Authorizations
  ================================= 211

8.1Basics ......................................211
8.2User Maintenance ......................................212
8.2.1Creating Users ......................................213
8.2.2License Data...................................... 217
8.2.3Changes to Users/Mass Changes ......................................217
8.2.4Logon and Password Protection ......................................218
8.2.5Standard Users ......................................219
8.3Authorizations ......................................219
8.3.1Overview of the Authorization Check ......................................220
8.3.2Authorizations and Authorization Objects ......................................221
8.3.3Authorization Profiles ......................................223
8.3.4Important Profiles for System Administration ......................................225
8.3.5Role Maintenance ......................................227
8.3.6Important Roles for System Administration ......................................236
8.3.7User Assignment and User Comparison ......................................237
8.3.8Transporting Roles ......................................239
8.3.9Upgrade Procedures ......................................239
8.3.10 Troubleshooting and Traces ......................................240
8.4Personal Settings ......................................241
8.5Internet Users ......................................242
8.6Information About Users and Authorizations .....................243
8.6.1Information System ......................................243
8.6.2Security Audit Log ......................................245
8.7Central User Administration ......................................247
8.7.1Configuring the ALE Scenario ......................................248
8.7.2 Activating and Configuring Central User Administration .......................249
8.7.3Deleting Central User Administration ......................................250
8.7.4Administering Users in Central User Administration .......................250
8.8 Outlook: Directory Services ......................................251
8.9 Tips ............................................................................252
8.10 Transactions and Menu Paths ......................................252
8.11 Additional Documentation ......................................254
8.12 Questions ......................................255

9 Background Processing 
================================= 257

9.1 Concepts ......................................257
9.2 Definition of Background Jobs ......................................260
9.2.1General Information ......................................261
9.2.2Start Time ......................................262
9.2.3Processing Steps ......................................263
9.3 Analysis ......................................266
9.4 Analysis Functions ......................................270
9.5 Authorizations ......................................274
9.6 Maintenance Jobs ......................................275
9.7 External Interface ......................................277
9.8 Tips ......................................277
9.9 Transactions and Menu Paths ......................................278
9.10 Other Documentation ......................................279
9.11 Questions ......................................280

10
Update  ================================= 281

10.1 Update Concepts ......................................281
10.1.1 Update Mode and Update Modules ......................................284
10.2 Configuring the Update System ......................................285
10.3 Monitoring and Troubleshooting for the Update ......................................287
10.3.1 Monitoring the Update ......................................287
10.3.2 Troubleshooting Canceled Updates ......................................290
10.4 Tips ......................................293
10.5 Transactions and Menu Paths ......................................294
10.6 Additional Documentation ......................................294
10.7 Questions ......................................295

11 Output Configuration and Management  ================================= 297


11.1 Basics ............................................................................297
11.2 Configuring Spool Work Processes ......................................299
11.3 Configuring the Spool Server ......................................301
11.4 Configuring the Output Devices Landscape ......................................307
11.5 Analysis and Error Correction ......................................316
11.5.1Usage Statistics ......................................316
11.5.2 Administrative Tasks ......................................318
11.6 Authorizations ......................................321
11.7 Tips ............................................................................322
11.8 Transactions and Menu Paths ......................................322
11.9 Additional Documentation ......................................323
11.10 Questions ............................................................................324

12 Data Archiving 
================================= 327

12.1 Archive Development Kit ......................................328
12.2 Customizing ......................................332
12.2.1 Cross-Archiving Object Customizing ......................................335
12.2.2 Archiving Object-Specific Customizing ......................................336
12.2.3 Basis Customizing ......................................338
12.2.4 Application-Specific Customizing ......................................339
12.3 Control and Analysis ......................................339
12.4 Tips ............................................................................343
12.5 Transactions and Menu Paths ......................................344
12.6 Additional Documentation ......................................345
12.7 Questions ......................................346
13 Data Distribution and Transfer ......................................347
13.1 RFC Destinations ......................................348
13.2 Application Link Enabling ......................................354
13.2.1 Technical basics ......................................355
13.2.2 Narrow and Loose Coupling Using BAPIs ......................................358
13.2.3 Configuration ......................................358
13.2.4 Monitoring and Analysis ......................................365

13.3 Data Transfer
================================= 369
13.3.1 Batch Input ......................................369
13.3.2 Direct Input ......................................371
13.3.3 Fast Input/Call Transaction ......................................373
13.3.4 BAPI ......................................373
13.3.5 Legacy System Migration Workbench ......................................373
13.3.6 Data Transfer Workbench ......................................374
13.4 SAPconnect ......................................374
13.5 Tips ............................................................................375
13.6 Transactions and Menu Paths ......................................375
13.7 Additional Documentation ......................................377
13.8 Questions ............................................................................377

14 Maintaining Instances
================================= 379

14.1 Profile Maintenance ......................................379
14.2 Operation Modes ......................................391
14.3 Control Panel ......................................398
14.4 Dynamic User Distribution ......................................399
14.5 Tips ............................................................................402
14.6 Transactions and Menu Paths ......................................403
14.7 Additional Documentation ......................................404
14.8 Questions ............................................................................404

15 System Monitoring 
================================= 405

15.1 Server and Process Overviews ......................................405
15.2 User Overviews ............................................................................414
15.3 System Log ............................................................................416
15.4 Analyzing Runtime Errors ............................................................................418
15.5 Trace Files ............................................................................419
15.6 Lock Entries ............................................................................424
15.7 Performance Monitoring ......................................426
15.7.1 Basic Administration ......................................426
15.7.2 Monitors ............................................................................427
15.8 Database Administration ......................................428
15.8.1 Regularly Scheduled Tasks ......................................429
15.8.2 Database Fill Level and Objects ......................................431
15.9 Overview of Regular Tasks ......................................432
15.10 Tips ............................................................................434
15.11 Transactions and Menu Paths ......................................435
15.12 Additional Documentation ......................................438
15.13 Questions .............................................................................. 439

16 Monitoring Architecture 
================================= 441

16.1 Alert Monitor ....................................... 442
16.1.1Basics ....................................... 442
16.1.2 Components ....................................... 444
16.1.3 Technical Implementation ....................................... 446
16.2 Customizing the Alert Monitor ....................................... 451
16.2.1 Integrating Remote Systems ....................................... 451
16.2.2 Creating Customer-Specific Monitors and Monitor Sets ....................................... 451
16.2.3 Specific Adjustment of Properties ....................................... 453
16.3 Analyzing the Alert Monitors ....................................... 459
16.4 Example Customizing ....................................... 460
16.4.1 Analyzing a Log File ....................................... 460
16.4.2 Auto-Reaction Method: Send Mail ....................................... 462
16.4.3 Filtering the System Logs ....................................... 463
16.5 Tips ....................................... 465
16.6 Transactions and Menu Paths ....................................... 467
16.7 Additional Documentation ....................................... 467
 16.8 Questions ....................................... 468

A Questions and Answers    ============ 471


B Important Transaction Codes  ========= 485


C Profile Parameters ================= 491


D Menu Structures   =================   497


E Glossary501


F Bibliography    =================== == 509


Index    ============================ 511


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Comments

  • 23 Apr 2012 7:59 am
    Provide the Complete pdf please...........
  • 25 Jun 2012 9:02 pm
    This book is just a preview! Pls upload the complete book. Thank you.
  • 31 Jan 2015 3:13 am

    Need some deeper understanding

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