WIP at actual costs for orders with revenues
Using the results analysis transactions, you calculate work in process for an internal order, service order or maintenance order with revenues.
In the results analysis Customizing, for the results analysis key, you define valuation methods which are usually used for the WIP calculation at actual costs for account assignment objects not with revenues.
If you cancel the work in process, the settlement cancels the WIP in FI, however, the actual costs do not post to the account assignment object from the settlement rule.
Related: Work Process: Types in SAP
If you only want to calculate work in process and not the costs of sales for the order, proceed as follows:
1. Use (if possible) orders of an order type which does not allow any revenue postings.
2. Set the indicator in Customizing of the results analysis versions 'WIP on dependent orders' (up to and including Release 4.5) or 'Internal and service orders w/o revenue' (as of Release 4.6) in the 'Extended Control'.
After cancelling the work in process, the actual costs are settled automatically in accordance with the settlement rule.
If it is not possible to use orders of an order type which does not allow any revenue postings or you already have orders with revenue, proceed as follows:
1. For the results analysis key, use a valuation method which updates all costs as costs of sales following the cancellation of the work in process. With account assignment objects with revenues, the settlement only settles costs of sales following a results analysis.
A suitable valuation method for this is method 9 (Completed Contract, as of Release 4.0). For status "Released", all actual costs are displayed as a work in process which can be transferred as usual to Financial Accounting with the settlement. As soon as the work in process, for example, is cancelled for status "Technically completed", all actual costs are displayed as costs of sales.
Expert Customizing for method 9:
a) Status 'Released' (calculate work in process): 'RA type' E, 'Profit indicator' C. Set all other indicators as for the calculation of the work in process at actual costs.
b) Staus 'Technically completed' status (cancel work in process): 'RA type' E, 'Profit indicator' C, 'Final RA' X, 'End' E.
2. In the results analysis Customizing, also maintain line IDs for revenues even if you do not assign any revenues to an account:
You can now settle the costs of sales.
Note that unlike objects without revenue, the original cost elements of the actual costs which are grouped together for costs of sales cannot be settled by cost element.
Contact SAP Remote consulting if you have any further questions.
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