What is SoapUI?
SoapUI is a tool that is used for functional and non-functional testing of SOAP Web Services as well as RESTful or HTTP based services Web Services. It is an Open Source, free tool. It is useful in functional testing, performance testing, interoperability testing, regression testing and much more.
What is SoapUI Pro?
SoapUI Pro is a commercial version of SoapUI, which promises extra functions that is useful for companies looking to work with critical Web Services.
How to use SoapUI?
The steps to use SoapUI are
- Right-click on Projects, in the Navigator, and select New SOAP Project.
- Specify a name in the Project Name edit box and click on OK.
- Right-click on the name in the Navigator and click on Add WSDL.
- In the WSDL Location edit box specify the path to the WSDL and click on OK. On successful addition, the web service operations appearin the Navigator.
- Double-click on the project name to see a summary of the project, along with security configurations as well as basic requirements.
- Double-click on the interface name to get a summary of the interface.
What is an assertion in SoapUI?
In SoapUI an assertion affirms or validates a request that is sent to a web server.
What are the major types of assertions available in SoapUI?
The major types of assertions in SoapUI are-
- Property Content
- Compliance Status Standard
What is WSDL in SoapUI?
Web Service Description Language or WSDL is a definition language based on XML that describes the functions of any SOAP-based web service. It also generates test requests, assertions as well as mock services, besides defining the several aspects of a SOAP message.
How to consume soap webservice in Java?
The steps to consume Soap webservices using Java are-
- Write a basic build script with Gradle or Maven.
- Run the webservice on a local server.
- Create the domain objects on the basis of a WSDL.
- Generate a country service client
- Configure the components of the webservices.
- Execute the application.
How to automate test cases in SoapUI?
The steps to automate test cases in SoapUI are-
- Click on New Soap Project in the File menu.
- Enter Project Name and initial WSDL URL and click on OK.
- Load the script by double clicking on Request1.
- Add the Request value to see the response and trigger it.
How to do load testing in SoapUI?
To steps to perform load testing in SoapUI are-
- Right-click on TestCase in the Navigator panel and click on New LoadTest.
- Insert the name of the test and click on OK.
- Adjust the test properties to suit your criteria.
- Click on Run in the editor toolbar.
- Click on the LoadTestAssertion tab in LoadTest editor,
- Click on Add Assertion and select the assertion type. Click on OK.
- In the Max Time, insert the maximum response time.
- Run your LoadTest in LoadUI Pro
What is an endpoint in SoapUI?
The endpoint in SoapUI signifies an end of any communication channel when one API interacts with another. It can involve an URL of service or server. It is the location that gives access to resources to the API.
How to parameterize in SoapUI?
The steps to parameterize in SoapUI are-
- Create a SOAP project.
- Add test suite and test case steps and name them.
- Add a service request.
- In the project tree, double-click on the data source test step.
- Under data source, select Excel option to display Configuration screen.
- Fill file option with the file and enter the worksheet name in relevant fields.
- The default value is “Start At Cell”.
- Select an Excel file from the hard drive using the Browse option.
- Enter the worksheet name and property names.
- Execute the data source by clicking on Run.
- Select the number of rows to be imported from the excel file and click on OK.
- For row by row execution, a data source loop has to be added in the data source test step.
- Right click on the test steps node.
- Click on Add Step and then on Data source Loop.
- Insert data source name and click on OK
- Right click on data source loop and select “Configure”
- Set data source step as “data source” and target step as “conversion rate”
- Click on OK.
Difference between SoapUI vs Postman?
The differences between SoapUI and Postman are as follows-
Supports Soap API testing.
Does not support Soap API testing.
High test script reusability.
No test script reusability.
Data-driven support is only available on the commercial format SoapUI Pro.
Data driven support is available in JSON and CVS format.
Test reports are only available in SoapUI Pro.
Test reports are available in JSON and CVS format.
Uses Groovy scripting language.
What are Web Services?
Web services are independent, distributed, modular, and dynamic applications that are built on open standards like TCP/IP, HTTP, Java, HTML, and XML. It is used to exchange data between systems and applications over the internet.
What are the various components used in the web services?
The various components of web services include-
- Simple Object Access Protocol or SOAP
- Web Services Description Language or WSDL
- Universal Description, Discovery, and Integration or UDDI
What is the soap web service?
Simple Object Access Protocol or SOAP is a language independent communication protocol to facilitate exchanges between applications. All operating systems support SOAP. It defines the code of the HTTP header and XML file that enables the communication.
What is the difference between Soap and Rest?
The differences between SoapUI and Rest are-
It is a protocol with an official standard.
It is an architectural style without any official standard.
It supports HTTP and XML.
It supports several standards like HTTP, JSON, URL, and XML.
SoapUI uses more resources and bandwidth due to the large XML files.
Rest uses fewer resources and bandwidth due to the use of many standards.
SoapUI uses services interfaces such as @WebService to expose business logic.
Rest uses URL exposure to expose business logic.
It uses Web Services Description language.
It uses Web Application Description Language.
What languages does SoapUI support?
Explain SOAP HTTP Binding?
SOAP HTTP protocol binding refers to the relationship between the various parts of a SOAP request message and those of HTTP headers, including Content-Length, Content-Type, and the custom header SOAPAction.
What is the soap header and what is the information included in the Soap header?
The Soap Header is an optional element that allows a flexible framework to state any surplus application-level requests like a digital signature for password-protected services. It finds use in specifying an account number for pay-per-use SOAP services. The information included in a Soap Header are-
- Actor attributes to define the message path.
- MustUnderstand attribute to that switches the Header element between mandatory and optional.
What are the syntax rules for SOAP?
The syntax rules for SOAP are-
- Encoded must be done using XML.
- Obligatory use of SOAP Envelope namespace.
- Compulsory use of SOAP Encoding namespace.
- Must not have a DTD reference.
- Should not have XML Processing Instructions.