What is an Android?
The Google made open-sourced operating system “Android” has been taking the world by storm for the past decade. It is primarily used in tablets and smartphones and is the most popular mobile operating system in the world at present. The Linux based software uses a touch-screen, which users can pinch, swipe, or tap to get their desired responses from the phone. Along with that, new generation Android handsets have incorporated voice commands into their system as well.
The android operating system is also immensely customizable and several major mobile manufacturing companies such as Motorola, Samsung etc have opted to use Android as their primary operating system.
History of Android:
Android was the brainchild of Andy Rubin, who developed the technology in 2003. Nick Sears, and Chris White were co-developers as well, who had a strong linkage to T-Mobiles. In the initial stages, Android was deemed to be a vain attempt. After Andy Rubin’s plea to Steve Perlman, he received $10,000 to prevent the company from going into bankruptcy. However, the real miracle happened when Google co-founder Larry Page reached out to Andy Rubin to offer “help”. The Android prototype impressed the Google team and 45 days later, Android was bought by Google for $50 million.
The Android team moved to Google corporations, and continued to build the system, until it was released in 2008 by HTC. Android has then onwards boomed globally, with a net worth of 2 billion dollars. Then onwards, several version updates have been available for the users, the latest one being Android 7 Noughat.
|Android Version||Version Name||API Level||Release Date|
|Android 1.0||Apple Pie||1||23/Sept/2008|
|Android 1.1||Banana Bread||2||09/Feb/2009|
|Android 4.0||Ice Cream Sandwich||14||18/Oct/2011|
|Android 4.0.1||Ice Cream Sandwich||14||19/Oct/2011|
|Android 4.0.2||Ice Cream Sandwich||14||28/Nov/2011|
|Android 4.0.3||Ice Cream Sandwich||15||16/Dec/2011|
|Android 4.0.4||Ice Cream Sandwich||15||28/Mar/2012|
|Android 4.1||Jelly Bean||16||09/July/2012|
|Android 4.1.1||Jelly Bean||16||23/July/2012|
|Android 4.1.2||Jelly Bean||16||09/Oct/2012|
|Android 4.2||Jelly Bean||17||13/Nov/2012|
|Android 4.2.1||Jelly Bean||17||27/Nov/2012|
|Android 4.2.2||Jelly Bean||17||11/Feb/2013|
|Android 4.3||Jelly Bean||18||24/July/2013|
Features of Android:
There are several features that Android provides that has impressed the customers :
i) NFC (Near field communication) is high frequency wireless technology that enables the exchange of data between android devices over a short range proximity. Due to the close range, it offers more security than Bluetooth connectivity. The use of NFCs can facilitate device-to-device transactions and eliminate the use of cash or credit cards.
ii) Widgets eliminate the necessity to open a certain app from the menu by displaying a mini-version of it on the home-screen.
iii) Super customizable wall-paper and home screens are also available for Android users where live wallpapers, alternate themes, etc which can be downloaded from the app store or on the internet.
iv) Google Play Store is the reigning application download store in the world, with over 1 million applications that can be installed into the phone, which users can buy or are offered for free download.
v) Storage Expansion and Battery replacement are Android features that are coveted by most iOs users. Android mobiles allow the user to upgrade their batteries when they do not hold charge anymore. SD card slots can also be used to expand storage capacity.
vi) Multiple keyboards such as Swype, Swiftkey etc are also supported by Android devices, along with the staple Google keyboard. The presence of this feature allows user to adjust and choose which keyboard is most suited to them, and their phone. All of these smart keyboards are highly customizable and accessible.
Android operating system has continually made impacts upon the tech world through its updated versions, immediate bug fixes and innovative application database. Not only has it battled all the major operating systems of the time, but revolutionized global mobile technology. It has indeed made everyday life easier through its user-friendly implementation.
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- Android - Overview
- Download and Install Android Studio
- Android Tutorial
- Downloading and Install Java JDK
- First Android Application (Hello World)
- Android Project Overview
- Android Activity Lifecycle Diagram
- Android Application Simple Calculator
- Android Fragment Example
- Android Activity Lifecycle Diagram
- Android Intent Service Example
- Android Explicit And Implicit Intent
- Android UI Design
- Android Drag and Drop ListView Example
- Android Notification Manager
- Android Location Manager GPS App
- Android Studio Facebook Integration
- Android Wifi Example
- Publish Android App
- Android Alert Dialog Example
- Android DatePicker Dialog Example
- Android Animation Fade In & Out Example
- Android App Share Button