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SAP Warehouse Management (WM) PDF Download

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SAP Warehouse Management (WM) PDF Download
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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Warehouse Management Guide ......................................................................
Warehouse Structure in the Warehouse Management System..............................................

Warehouse Number ....................................................................................................................
Storage Type...............................................................................................................................
Storage Section ...........................................................................................................................
Picking Area................................................................................................................................
Storage Bin .................................................................................................................................

Creating Storage Bins ..............................................................................................................
Editing Storage Bins.................................................................................................................
Blocking and Unblocking Storage Bins ....................................................................................
Displaying the Bin Status Report .............................................................................................
Displaying Warehouse Capacity ..............................................................................................
Quant ...........................................................................................................................................
Door .............................................................................................................................................
Staging Area ...............................................................................................................................

Warehouse Management with Lean WM...................................................................................
Setting Up Lean WM................................................................................................................
Basic Functions..........................................................................................................................
Number Ranges..........................................................................................................................
Foreground/Background Processing........................................................................................
Bar Code Use..............................................................................................................................
Authorization Checks .................................................................................................................
Displaying Authorization Groups and Table Views..................................................................
Archiving and Reorganization ...................................................................................................
Warehouse Controlling...............................................................................................................
Displaying Material Movement Data ........................................................................................
Function Modules and Customer Exits in WMS.......................................................................
WM in the SAP Retail System ....................................................................................................
Planning and Monitoring ............................................................................................................
Rough Workload Estimate..........................................................................................................
Wave Picks..................................................................................................................................
Wave Picks with Capacity Restrictions ....................................................................................
Creating Wave Picks - Delivery Time ......................................................................................
Processing Wave Picks............................................................................................................
Subsequent Functions for Wave Picks ....................................................................................
Warehouse Activity Monitor.......................................................................................................
Unconfirmed Transfer Orders ..................................................................................................
Open Transfer Requirements...................................................................................................
Open Posting Change Notices.................................................................................................
Open Deliveries.......................................................................................................................
Critical Stock ............................................................................................................................
Critical TRs for Production Supply ...........................................................................................
Using the Warehouse Activity Monitor .....................................................................................
Example: Displaying Unconfirmed Transfer Orders ...........................................................
Basic Stock Management...........................................................................................................
Material Master Data ...................................................................................................................
Defining Warehouse Data in the Material Master ....................................................................
Displaying the Material Master Record ..................................................................................
The Quant and Stock Management in WM..............................................................................
Changing Quant Data ............................................................................................................
Displaying Quant Information.................................................................................................
Types of Stock..........................................................................................................................
Stock Category ..........................................................................................................................
Displaying Stock in the Warehouse .......................................................................................
Blocking Stock in the Warehouse ..........................................................................................
Units of Measure .......................................................................................................................
Batch Management ...................................................................................................................
Shelf Life Expiration Date.........................................................................................................
Displaying Materials with a Shelf Life Expiration Date (SLED)..............................................
Storing Materials in the Warehouse ........................................................................................
WM Interface to Inventory Management (IM)..........................................................................
Interim Storage Bins...............................................................................................................
Creating Interim Bins with Predefined Coordinates..........................................................
Order of Postings in Integrated WM.......................................................................................
Posting First in IM.............................................................................................................
Posting First in WM...........................................................................................................
Comparing Stock Quantities in WM and IM......................................................................
Hazardous Materials Management ..........................................................................................
Hazardous Material Records....................................................................................................
Creating and Using Hazardous Material Records..................................................................
Hazardous Material Evaluation Reports .................................................................................
Displaying the Fire Department Inventory List .......................................................................
Checking for Proper Storage of Hazardous Material .............................................................
Displaying Stock with Hazardous Substances.......................................................................
Warehouse Movements ............................................................................................................
Basics for Goods Movements..................................................................................................
Movement Types in WM............................................................................................................
Using Special Movement Indicators.......................................................................................
Transfer Requirement ...............................................................................................................
Creating Transfer Requirements............................................................................................
Creating Transfer Requirements ......................................................................................
Processing Transfer Requirements ..................................................................................
Transfer Order ...........................................................................................................................
Creating Transfer Orders .......................................................................................................
Automatic Creation of TOs for Transfer Requirement ......................................................
Using a Transfer Order as a Pick Order in Lean WM.......................................................
Displaying Transfer Orders ....................................................................................................
Print Transfer Orders and Labels...........................................................................................
Printing Transfer Orders and Labels.................................................................................
Evaluating Transfer Orders....................................................................................................
Confirming Transfer Orders ...................................................................................................
Confirming Transfer Orders ..............................................................................................
Packaging Notification to Shipping ...................................................................................
Cancelling Transfer Orders....................................................................................................
Transfer Order Split................................................................................................................
Performance Data ..................................................................................................................
Planned Data ....................................................................................................................
Entering of Actual Data .....................................................................................................
Handling Differences ................................................................................................................
Clearing Differences...............................................................................................................
Storage of Pre-Picked Handling Units ....................................................................................
Putting Away, Picking, and Transferring Pre-Packed HUs....................................................
Goods Receipt ...........................................................................................................................
Creating Transfer Orders Immediately at the IM Posting......................................................
Manual Creation of Transfer Orders for Putaway ..................................................................
Posting a Goods Receipt Based on a Purchase Order .........................................................
Posting Returns for Deliveries.................................................................................................
Goods Receipt for Inspection ..................................................................................................
Releasing Material from Inspection Stock..............................................................................
Releasing Stock in IM from Inspection...................................................................................
Goods Receipt Without a Previous Posting in IM..................................................................
Example: Sample ABAP to Follow-up Postings in IM............................................................
Creating a TO in WM without a Previous Posting in IM.........................................................
Negative Stock Check...............................................................................................................
Stock Placement Using Storage Unit Types...........................................................................
Example: Using Storage Unit Types ......................................................................................
Cross-Docking..........................................................................................................................
Stock Placement with Active Bypass .....................................................................................
Setting up Active Bypass for Putaway ...................................................................................
Adding Goods to Existing Stock .............................................................................................
Goods Issue..............................................................................................................................
Goods Issues Based Upon a Delivery.....................................................................................
Random Picking Using Transfer Orders ................................................................................
Pick-and-Pack During Picking...........................................................................................
Picking from a Fixed Bin without a Transfer Order ................................................................
Picking Quantities Based on Size ..........................................................................................
Goods Issue for a Delivery.....................................................................................................
Creating a Delivery ...........................................................................................................
Automatic Creation of Transfer Orders for Outbound Delivery.........................................
Confirming a Transfer Order for a Delivery.......................................................................
Processing Differences for a Delivery...............................................................................
Partial Picking ...................................................................................................................
Creating a TO for a Cancelled Delivery ............................................................................
Goods Issue Based on an IM Posting .....................................................................................
Goods Issue to a Cost Center................................................................................................
Posting a Goods Issue to a Cost Center ..........................................................................
Creating a Transfer Order for a Material Document .........................................................
Manual Creation of Transfer Orders for Picking....................................................................
Goods Issue for Production Supply........................................................................................
Pick Part ...............................................................................................................................
Crate Part ...............................................................................................................................
Release Order Part ................................................................................................................
Setting up the Interface between PP and WM.......................................................................
Production Supply Areas ..................................................................................................
Creating a Control Cycle...................................................................................................
Production Storage Bins ...................................................................................................
The Material Staging Process................................................................................................
Creating a Production Order.............................................................................................
Displaying a Production Order..........................................................................................
Releasing a Production Order...........................................................................................
Automatic Staging for WM................................................................................................
Displaying TRs for Material Staging .................................................................................
Creating TRs for Material Staging Manually.....................................................................
Processing TRs for Material Staging ................................................................................
Posting a Goods Issue for Material Usage .......................................................................
Kanban Replenishment..........................................................................................................
Handling Cancelled Kanbans............................................................................................
Material Staging for Repetitive Manufacturing.......................................................................
Staging Release Order Parts for Repetitive Manufacturing..............................................
Multiple Processing ..................................................................................................................
Selecting TRs for Multiple Processing ...................................................................................
Selecting Deliveries for Multiple Processing..........................................................................
Sample Report: Multiple Processing Selection.................................................................
Creating Transfer Orders for a Group....................................................................................
Releasing Groups ..................................................................................................................
Confirming TOs for a Group...................................................................................................
Partial Processing of TRs and Deliveries...............................................................................
Analysis of Groups .................................................................................................................
2-Step Picking...........................................................................................................................
2-Step Picking Process ..........................................................................................................
Work Method 1: Delivery to Goods...................................................................................
Work Method 2: Goods to Delivery...................................................................................
How to Carry Out 2-Step Picking ...........................................................................................
Using the Analysis Tool for 2-Step Picking ............................................................................
Bestandsfindung .......................................................................................................................
WM Interface to Quality Management .....................................................................................
How the QM Interface Process Works ....................................................................................
Making Stock Placements Using the QM Interface ...............................................................
Examples: Making a Usage Decision ....................................................................................
Finding an Inspection Lot in the Warehouse .........................................................................
Examples for the Putaway of Inspection Stock .....................................................................
After Usage Decision: Sample Stored ...................................................................................
After Usage Decision: Stock Returned to Vendor..................................................................
After Usage Decision: Sample Destroyed..............................................................................
Before Usage Decision: Sample Stored ................................................................................
Before Usage Decision: Stock Returned to Vendor...............................................................
Before Usage Decision: Sample Destroyed...........................................................................
Stock Transfers and Replenishment.......................................................................................
Plant/Storage Location to Plant/Storage Location ................................................................
Internal Stock Transfers ...........................................................................................................
Moving Stock from One Storage Bin to Another ....................................................................
Replenishing Fixed Bins in the Warehouse ...........................................................................
Executing Replenishment for Fixed Bins ...............................................................................
Choose Logistics ( Logistics Execution ( Internal Whse Processes ( Stock Transfer (
Planning of Replenishments ( Based Upon Outb. Deliveries to be Selected from the SAP
menu. ...............................................................................................................................
Creating a Replenishment TO During TO Confirmation........................................................
Posting Changes in WM ...........................................................................................................
Processing Posting Changes...................................................................................................
Displaying Posting Change Notices.......................................................................................
Automatic Creation of TOs for Posting Change Notices........................................................
Processing Posting Changes Entirely Within WM.................................................................
Example: Changing the Status of Consignment Stock ..........................................................
Processing Inspection Stock ...................................................................................................
Releasing Stock from Inspection............................................................................................
Releases from More than One Storage Type ........................................................................
Releasing Consignment Stock from Inspection ....................................................................
Processing Blocked Stock .......................................................................................................
Converting Available Stock to Inspection Stock ...................................................................
Changing a Material Number....................................................................................................
Dividing Materials into Two or More Batches ........................................................................
Changing Stock Ownership from Plant to Plant ....................................................................
Storage Locations in TRs, TOs and Posting Changes..........................................................
Possible Scenarios Based on Storage Locations ..................................................................
Example: Stock Movement from GR Area........................................................................
Example: Material Staging for Production ........................................................................
Putaway and Picking Strategies ..............................................................................................
Putaway Strategies ...................................................................................................................
Manual Entry ..........................................................................................................................
Strategy F: Fixed Bin Storage................................................................................................
Strategy C: Open Storage......................................................................................................
Strategy I: Addition to Existing Stock .....................................................................................
Strategy L: Next Empty Storage Bin ......................................................................................
Strategy K: Putaway near Picking Bin ...................................................................................
Strategy P: Storage Unit Type ...............................................................................................
Example: Optional SUT Check When Creating a TO.......................................................
Strategy B: Bulk Storage........................................................................................................
Combined Placement........................................................................................................
Partial Quantities...............................................................................................................
Blocking Transfers into a Row..........................................................................................
Defining Time Limits for Block ..........................................................................................
Total .................................................................................................................................
Round Off..........................................................................................................................
Strategy Q: Dynamic Quant Number .....................................................................................
Additional Factors that Affect Search Strategies ..................................................................
Cross-Line Stock Putaway.....................................................................................................
Capacity Checking .................................................................................................................
Capacity Checking Based on a Neutral Indicator .............................................................
Picking Strategies .....................................................................................................................
Strategy F: FIFO (First In, First Out) ......................................................................................
Strategy: Stringent FIFO Across All Storage Types...............................................................
Strategy L: LIFO (Last In First Out)........................................................................................
Strategy A: Partial Quantities First.........................................................................................
Strategy M: According to Quantity .........................................................................................
Example: Rounding Off Requested Quantities.................................................................
Strategy H: Shelf Life Expiration Date ...................................................................................
Strategy P: Fixed Storage Bin................................................................................................
Stock Return Methods ..............................................................................................................
Storage Unit Management........................................................................................................
Warehouse Management at the Storage Unit Level...............................................................
SU-Managed Storage Types.....................................................................................................
Putaway using Storage Unit Management..............................................................................
Creating Storage Units...........................................................................................................
Creating Homogeneous Storage Units .............................................................................
Creating Mixed Storage Units for a TR.............................................................................
Adding Materials to an Existing Storage Unit ...................................................................
Creating Storage Units Manually ......................................................................................
Automatic Bin Search.............................................................................................................
Confirming Transfer Orders for Storage Units .......................................................................
Displaying the Contents of a Storage Unit .............................................................................
Identification Point..................................................................................................................
Using an ID Point ..............................................................................................................
Example: Putaway Using an ID Point..........................................................................
Transferring a Storage Unit from the ID Point .............................................................
Stock Picking Using Storage Unit Management ....................................................................
Partial Stock Removals ..........................................................................................................
Pick Point ...............................................................................................................................
Picking Using a Pick Point ................................................................................................
Example: Returning Stock from a Pick Point...............................................................
SU-managed Bulk Storage .......................................................................................................
System Controls.....................................................................................................................
Transfer Order Processing for Stock Removals ....................................................................
Confirming SU-Neutral Transfer Order Items ...................................................................
Partial Storage Unit Processing .............................................................................................
Example: Optimization in Bulk Storage ............................................................................
Storage Unit Documents ..........................................................................................................
Printing SU Documents Manually ..........................................................................................
Storage Unit Preplanning .........................................................................................................
Preplanning Storage Units via an ID Point.............................................................................
Receiving Preplanned Storage Units .....................................................................................
Handling Differences for Preplanned Storage Units ..............................................................
Blocking Storage Units.............................................................................................................
Multiple Processing for SU Management ...............................................................................

Inventory ...................................................................................................................................
Controlling the Inventory Process...........................................................................................
Take Continuous Inventory......................................................................................................
Selecting Storage Bins...........................................................................................................
Creating the System Physical Inventory Document...............................................................
Activating/Changing the Physical Inventory Document .........................................................
Printing the Physical Inventory Document .............................................................................
Closing the Inventory .............................................................................................................
Processing Inventory Differences in WM...............................................................................
Entering the Inventory Results in WMS .................................................................................
Using Batch Input for Inventory Count Results.................................................................
Take Annual Inventory..............................................................................................................
Executing the Cycle Counting Inventory Method ..................................................................
Cycle Counting at Quant Level ..............................................................................................
Take Continuous Inventory Based on Putaway.....................................................................
Run a Zero Stock Check...........................................................................................................
Example: Automatic Zero Stock Check .................................................................................
Example: Manual Zero Stock Check......................................................................................
Interfaces to External Systems................................................................................................
Automated Warehousing Systems..........................................................................................
Mobile Data Entry (MDE)...........................................................................................................
R/2-R/3 Link...............................................................................................................................
General Communication Process............................................................................................
Link from Storage Location to R/3 Warehouse Number ........................................................
Master Data...........................................................................................................................
When Does Communication Take Place? .............................................................................
Communication Process R/2 -> R/3.......................................................................................
Communication Process R/3 -> R/2.......................................................................................
Technical Communication Process ..................................................................................
Terms that Apply to the Communication Process ............................................................
Record Types....................................................................................................................
Communication Technique ...............................................................................................
Error Prevention Mechanisms ..........................................................................................
R/2 -> R/3 Processes.................................................................................................................
Overview of R/2 -> R/3 Processes ...........................................................................................

Material Master Maintenance.................................................................................................
Creating the Material Master Record in R/2...........................................................................
Goods Receipt / Goods Issue ................................................................................................
Posting Changes in R/3 .........................................................................................................
Stock Transfers in R/3............................................................................................................
Cancellation Posting ..............................................................................................................
R/3 -> R/2 Processes.................................................................................................................
Overview of R/3 -> R/2 Processes ...........................................................................................

Stock Transfers from R/3 to R/2.............................................................................................
Recording Differences............................................................................................................
Cumulative Transmission of Differences R/3 -> R/2.............................................................
Set-up for Inventory Differences Storage Type 999 .........................................................
Example: Set-up for Cumulative Postings ........................................................................
Bi-directional Processes ..........................................................................................................
Connection to Shipping..........................................................................................................
Setting up the Shipping Control Tables .................................................................................
Relationship of R/3 Shipping to WM......................................................................................
Multiple Processing for Deliveries ..........................................................................................
Communication Administration...............................................................................................
PART 1: R/2 -> R/3 Processes ..............................................................................................
Setting up the R/2 Control Tables.....................................................................................
Connecting R/2 Movement Types to R/3..........................................................................
Queue Management in R/2...............................................................................................
Receiving Communication Documents in R/3 ..................................................................
The Analysis Tool .............................................................................................................
Reposting Communication Documents in R/3..................................................................
Mail Control in the R/3 System .........................................................................................
PART 2: R/3 -> R/2 Processes ..............................................................................................
Setting up the R/3 Control Tables.....................................................................................
Sending Communication Documents from R/3 to R/2......................................................
Queue Handling in the R/3 System ..................................................................................
Receiving Communication Documents in R/2 ..................................................................
Using the R/2 Analysis Tool..............................................................................................
Reposting Communication Documents in R/2..................................................................
PART 3: Additional Information.............................................................................................
Reorganization of Communication Records .....................................................................
Polling of R/2 Data ............................................................................................................
IMS Connection for the WM R/2 - R/3 Interface ...............................................................
Mobile Data Entry ......................................................................................................................
Goods Receipt and Goods Issue.............................................................................................
GR/GI: Selected by Delivery ..................................................................................................
GR/GI: Selected by Handling Unit..........................................................................................
GR/GI: Selected by Staging Area ..........................................................................................
GR/GI: Selected by Shipment................................................................................................
GR/GI: Selected by Other Criteria..........................................................................................
GI: Selected by Group............................................................................................................
Putaway.....................................................................................................................................
Putaway: Selected by Storage Unit .......................................................................................
Putaway: Clustered ................................................................................................................
Putaway: Selected by Transfer Order....................................................................................
Putaway: System-Guided.......................................................................................................
Putaway: Selected by Delivery...............................................................................................
Interleaving ...............................................................................................................................
Interleaving: Selected by Storage Unit...................................................................................
Interleaving: System-Guided..................................................................................................
Picking/Replenishment.............................................................................................................
Picking: Selected by Transfer Order ......................................................................................
Picking: Selected by Delivery.................................................................................................
Picking/Replenishment: System-Guided................................................................................
Movement: Selected by Storage Unit ....................................................................................
Pick and Pack ........................................................................................................................
Pick and Pack by Delivery......................................................................................................
Pack and Unpack.......................................................................................................................
Pack ......................................................................................................................................
Unpack ..................................................................................................................................
Inventory ...................................................................................................................................
Executing Storage Bin Count .................................................................................................
Storage Bin Count: System-Guided.......................................................................................
Executing Storage Unit Count................................................................................................
Storage Unit Count: System-Guided......................................................................................
Posting Changes....................................................................................................................
Inquiries.....................................................................................................................................
Inquiries: Stock Overview.......................................................................................................
Inquiries: Handling Unit ..........................................................................................................
Load and Unload .......................................................................................................................
Load/ Unload: Selected by Shipment.....................................................................................
Load/ Unload: Selected by Delivery.......................................................................................
Load: System-Guided ............................................................................................................
Load: Inquiries.......................................................................................................................
Inquiries: Load by Shipment .............................................................................................
Inquiries: Load by Delivery................................................................................................
Inquiries: Load by Handling Unit.......................................................................................
RF Activity Control Using the RF Monitor ..............................................................................
Defining a Queue and Changing the Assignment..................................................................
Recovery ...................................................................................................................................
User Exit ....................................................................................................................................

User Exit Screens ..................................................................................................................
Defining a Screen .............................................................................................................
Assigning a Screen ...........................................................................................................
Verification with User Exit ......................................................................................................
Sorting Using the User Exit ....................................................................................................
Printing Using the User Exit ...................................................................................................
Deactivating Function Codes with the User Exit ....................................................................
Adding Function Keys to Screens..........................................................................................
Using Bar Codes........................................................................................................................
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