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SAP – Customizing Guide

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SAP – Customizing Guide
Stechies

Set Countries

Define Countries

You must include all countries with which your company has business relationships. You need the following information for each country:

  • General data
  • Foreign trade characteristics
  • Further test data

This data is then checked during master data maintenance.

Standard settings

In the SAP standard delivery system, all countries are defined according to the international ISO standard
.
SAP recommendation

SAP recommends that you use the ISO standard for your additional entries.

If your entries do not correspond to the ISO standard, you cannot implement data exchange in international communication (e.g. payment transactions with banks).

Activities

1. Check that the country entries are complete.
2. Add the missing countries, if necessary.
3. Use the ISO standard for your entries.
4. For each country, maintain the associated detail screen
5 . In the detail screen you must, for example, create test data.

Set country–Specific Checks

For all countries with which your company maintains business relationships, you must include rules for checking the following data:

  • Bank data
  • Postal data
  • Control data

This data is then checked during master data maintenance.

Standard settings

In the SAP standard delivery system, all countries are defined according to the international ISO Standard

SAP recommendation

SAP recommends that you use the ISO standard for your additional entries

If your entries do not correspond to the ISO standard, you cannot implement data exchange in international communication (e.g. payment transactions with banks).

Insert Regions

  • You enter the required regions in this step.
  • The region is used for the following functions:
  • Part of address
  • Tax reporting in FI
  • Pricing in SD (only for tax)

The usage can vary from country to country.

The relevant functions can be taken from the following table

Ctry Part of address Relevant for Relevant for ta reporting (FI) pricing (SD)

AU yes no no BE no no no CA yes yes yes CH no no no DE no no no ES no yes no FR no no no IT can yes no JP yes no no NL no no no PT no no no
SG no no no US yes yes yes

Note: The region is not used for evaluations carried out according to regional aspects of the business (e.g. market segments, sales areas)

Additional information

The "region" has a different name in the following countries:

  • BE: provinc
  • CA: province
  • CH: canton
  • DE: federal state
  • FR: department
  • JP: administrative district
  • NL: province
  • US: state

Actions

  • Define new regions according to your requirements.
  • Enter a key and description for the regions.

Check currency codes

The currency table must have entries for all currencies which occur in your business transactions.

Standard settings

In the SAP standard recipient system, all currencies are defined according to the international ISO standard

SAP recommendation

  • SAP recommends that you use the ISO standard for your additional entries.
  • If your entries do not correspond to the ISO standard, you will not be able to use data exchange in international communication (e.g. bank clearing transactions).

Actions

  • Check the currency entries for completeness.
  • Add the missing currency entries as required.
  • Use the ISO standard for your additional entries.

Set Calendar

Maintain Calendar

The public holiday and factory calendar is a central module in the SAP System. It is used in many areas (e.g. in Logistics and in Human Resources) in the standard version.

You can use calendar maintenance to maintain and display the components of the calendar system. The public holiday and factory calendar data calculated from calendar maintenance is directly available to the
system.

A factory calendar is allocated to your plant via another Customizing function.

The calendar system consists of the following components:

Public holidays

Definitions for public holidays: Calculation rule for date, religious denomination etc.

Public holiday calendar

Any composition of public holiday rules.

Factory calendar

Definition of workdays including special regulations, under the assignment of a particular public holiday calendar.

Standard Settings

The system delivers definitions of all common public holidays and public holiday rules, as well as a standard factory calendar.

A main memory area of 400000 Bytes is reserved for calendar data in the standard version. This is the minimum buffer size, which you should not go under.

Activities

Check whether all the definitions for public holidays and public holiday rules that you need are available in the system. If necessary, maintain the public holiday definitions and copy them to new or existing public holiday rules.

Create factory calendars if necessary.

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