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What is SAP ABAP?

SAP ABAP by definition is a programming language for developing applications for the SAP R/3 system.

SAP ABAP Full Form or stands for Advanced Business Application Programming (English), Allgemeiner Berichts-Aufbereitungs-Prozessor in German, It is typically a high-level programming language used for developing business applications for the SAP NetWeaver platform and SAP application server. SAP ABAP has a wide range of applications in an enterprise and is a reliable language for the development, testing and debugging of SAP based solutions.

Its runs in SAP ABAP runtime environment and use to develop application programs like

  • Reports
  • Module Pool Programming
  • Interfaces
  • Forms
  • Data conversions
  • User Exits & BADI

To begin in an effective manner with ABAP, programmers need to have basic knowledge of integrated software logistics, the ABAP development environment and ways of developing SAP applications on a central server. Occupying a pride of position alongside JAVA, the more recently introduced programming language; SAP ABAP has syntax somewhat similar to COBOL. It is the preferred language for SAP’s Web Application Server and is used on the Net Weaver platform for generating smarter business applications.



Also used for creating applications and high-end programs for the client-server R/3 system released by SAP in 1992, more and more SAP related systems (basic and advanced both) are now relying on the features and functionalities of ABAP. In the year 1999, SAP had released an object-oriented extension of ABAP; it was known as ABAP Objects and was introduced alongside R/3 release 4.6.

A developer proficient in ABAP’s development environment and programming language goes a long way in developing and enhancing the attributes of various functionalities; along with implementing the technical architecture that surrounds the package. This fourth-generation language (4GL) was developed by SAP and is:

  • Utilized for the creation of thousands of tiny embedded programs known as transactions (these are the components of an application).
  • An application specific language that boasts of built-in knowledge about application domains.
  • Event-driven, well structured, top-down, and powerful.

Training Tutorials

  • SAP ABAP Data Types and Data Objects
  • SAP ABAP Data Dictionary
  • SAP ABAP Subroutines
  • SAP ABAP Open SQL and Native SQL
  • SAP ABAP Internal Table: Create, Read, Populate, Copy & Delete
  • SAP ABAP Table Control
  • SAP ABAP Reports
  • SAP ABAP Dialog Programming Tutorial
  • SAP ABAP ALV: ABAP List Viewer

SAP ABAP Courses

Starting with an introduction to SAP ABAP, this course is reputed for educating candidates about ABAP programming techniques and other minor details of its dictionary. In most cases, the fees for this SAP module ranges from INR 6000/- for a 5 days course to INR 35,000/- for 15 days.

Topics covered:

  • Introduction to ABAP Programming: an overview, mastering of tools and building application programs.
  • ABAP Dictionary: For an in depth knowledge of terms in the ABAP dictionary.
  • ABAP objects : For object oriented programming tools, techniques and terminology in  ABAP programming
  • ABAP Web Dynpro: Detailed development of application programs and designs.
  • ABAP work bench: Gives a fair idea about the creation of dialogs and use of work bench tools.

Scope and Opportunity of a Career in SAP ABAP

A certified SAP ABAP fresher can enter this field as a consultant. Once he/ she has skillfully handled a couple a projects, the next job profile could be that of an ABAP programmer or a SAP ABAP consultant. After having gained certification in the SAP ABAP workbench, an ABAP developer may aspire for the position of a qualified SAP ABAP design developer. With an increase in the number of projects that have been implemented in a successful manner, ABAP professionals get rewarded with higher salaries that range from 6K to 100K (the figures being dependent on their experience levels and overall skills).

Over the years, there has been a sharp rise in the demand for ABAP developers and consultants; all across India and outside its borders too. This has made ABAP a much sought after module in the world of SAP.

Become a Certified SAP ABAP Consultant

Best suited for SAP ABAP developers, IT professionals and project team leaders, the course related to Introduction to ABAP programming is as essential as the specialized ABAP Dictionary course recommended for dictionary administrators and project leaders. A great course for those aspiring to gain a flourishing Career in the field of SAP and freshers alike, the SAP ABAP programming course requires rigorous training for best results.

The Basic qualifications required for the course:

  • A University degree, preferably in the field of computer science.
  • Prior experience in object oriented programming languages.
  • Good logical reasoning and basic communication skills.

Certified ABAP consultants are familiar with the basic concepts, architecture and important tools of the SAP Net Weaver Application Server ABAP and has in-depth knowledge about the ABAP development environment. They are fully equipped to create smart business applications, explore ABAP Objects and use the features of Web Dynpro for ABAP—which is SAP’s main UI technology suited for ABAP applications.

With a command over ABAP objects and other aspects of its programming and developing environment, ABAP consultants are making their SAP applications more secure, scalable and robust. So, join the bandwagon and look forward to smarter salaries, a positive looking career path and more challenging projects coming your way—today!



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