What is ASCS/SCS?
With SAP NetWeaver 04 Java, the Message Server and the Enqueue Server are separated from the Central Instance. These two services are grouped within the SAP Central Services Instance (SCS) as services. From NW04s the ABAP Central Services can be also separated from the Central Instance. Each stack, ABAP and Java, has its own Message Service and Enqueue Service.
For ABAP systems the Central Services are referred to as ASCS, for Java systems the Central Services are referred to as SCS. The ASCS and the SCS are leveled as SPOF and require a High Availability Setup therefore. If the ASCS is integrated within the ABAP Central Instance (standard in Net Weaver 04) the Central Instance of the ABAP system needs a HA setup also.