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Difference bewtween Class type 200 and Class type 300 in SAP

Updated Aug 14, 2023

In SAPclassification is a crucial component that facilitates efficient management and organization of materials. Two distinct class types, 200 and 300, play essential roles in this process. While they both contribute to material classification, they serve different purposes and are employed in varying scenarios. In this article, we delve into the disparities between class type 200 and class type 300, shedding light on their unique characteristics and applications.

Class Type 200

Class type 200 holds a significant role as it is primarily utilized for materials that are integral to bills of material (BOMs). Materials classified under class type 200 are deemed "class items" within BOM structures. These class items serve as essential components in the assembly or production of other products. By employing class type 200, organizations can streamline their BOM management processes, ensuring accurate and consistent assembly procedures.

A distinct attribute of class type 200 is its specific association with materials that are not necessarily meant for variant configuration. This means that while these materials are integral to BOMs, they do not possess the level of complexity or variability that is typically associated with variant materials.

Class Type 300

Class type 300 assumes a distinct role, focusing on variant configuration within SAP. Variant materials, those that possess multiple configurable attributes, find their place within class type 300. These materials are designed to accommodate diverse configurations based on varying customer requirements or specific use cases. Class type 300 is instrumental in managing these variant materials and their associated configurations effectively.

In essence, class type 300 enables organizations to offer a range of product variations to meet the diverse preferences of their customers. This classification ensures that the right attributes and features are selected for each configured variant, contributing to personalized and tailored product offerings.

Class type 200 vs. Class type 300 

Class Type 200: Class Items in BOM

  • Used for organizing materials within bills of material (BOM).
  • These materials are essential building blocks for creating products.
  • No emphasis on extensive customization or variant configurations.
  • Class type 200 is suitable for items that do not require high levels of personalization.
  • Ensures efficient assembly and production processes.

Class Type 300: Variant Configuration

  • Primarily employed for materials that offer customizable options.
  • Enables businesses to create diverse product variations to suit different preferences.
  • Supports variant configuration, accommodating individual customer needs.
  • Ideal for products with multiple choices, such as colors, sizes, or features.
  • Empowers organizations to provide tailored offerings and enhance customer satisfaction.

In SAP, class types 200 and 300 serve distinct purposes in material classification. Class 200 arranges standard components within bills of material, ensuring efficient production processes. Class 300, on the other hand, caters to customization and variant configuration, providing the flexibility to meet diverse customer preferences.


For material classification in SAP, class types 200 and 300 represent just a fraction of the classification landscape. Class type 001, for instance, is a general classification type applicable to all materials, providing a foundational level of classification.

Moreover, class type 012 offers a unique perspective by classifying characteristics rather than entire materials. It provides a means to categorize specific attributes or traits of materials, enhancing the granularity of classification.