1. Security Administration
Determine how security administration is organized
2. Help Desk
Determine if the help desk is effective
Records incidents reports
3. Determine if proper system monitoring is performed
4. Determine if training is properly administrated
5. Determine if key system interfaces are properly controlled.
6. Obtain a list of all system users
7. Obtain a list of custom transactions
List off all transactions within the TSTC table beginning with the letters Y or Z
Tables>Data Display>Y*, and then Z*
8. Obtain a listing of all Clients
List table T001
9. Obtain a listing of all group companies
List table T042G
10. Obtain a listing of all business areas
List table TGSB and TGSBT
11. Obtain a listing of all credit control areas
List table T014 and T014T
12. Obtain a list of all charts of accounts
List table T004 and T004T
13. Obtain a listing of all plants
List tables T001W and TVKWZ
14. Obtain a listing of storage locations
List table T001L
15. Obtain a listing of all purchasing organizations
List table T024W
16. Obtain a listing of all purchasing groups
List table T024
17. Obtain a listing of all sales organizations
List table TVKO and TVKOT
18. Obtain a listing of distribution channels
List table TVTW, TVTWT, and TVKOV
19. Obtain a listing of all divisions
List tables TSPA, TSPAT, and TVKOS
20. Obtain a listing of sales areas
List table TVTA
21. Obtain a listing of sales offices
List tables TVBUR, TVKBT, and TVKBZ
22. Obtain a listing of sales groups
List tables TVKGR, TVBVK, and TVGRT
23. ABAP programs
Review ABAP programs to ensure that all system function calls are authorized. System function calls allow are Unix commands that are passed to the operating system to perform a task at the operating system level such as using Oracle SQL commands to query the database during the execution of an ABAP program.
24. Review all SAP userids at the Unix operating system level. (etc/passwd and etc/group files)
SIDADM system administration
ORASID Oracle administration
PCTEMU Terminal administration
25. Review all relevant SAP change control directories under Unix
26. Ensure that all default passwords have been changed.
27. Determine that only authorized users have direct access to the Oracle database management system. And determine that all default system passwords have been changed.
28. Correction and Transport (CTS)
Default Changes are allowed in corrections. Changes to SAP-provided objects require a repair correction
No Change Changes are not allowed
Repairs Repairs are allowed but all must have corrections and all corrections are flagged as repairs. Other types of changes are allowed with or without corrections.
Unlimited Any changes are allowed with or without corrections. No corrections are flagged as repairs
CTS Type CTS Changes
Integration No Change
Consolidation No Change
Recipient No Change
Determine if change control procedures are formally documented.
Determine if separate instances have been defined for development and testing
Determine who is responsible for transport administration
Ensure that control tables are properly established
TSYST defines all systems to be used in CTS
TASYS defines all recipient systems
TDEVC defines all development classes
Use transaction code SE06 for CTS verification
Use Transaction code SE38 to review the placement of programs in authorization groups
- SE38 select attributes and select display
29. Determine who has the capability to add user master records.
S_USER_GRP and S_USER_ALL
30. Determine who can maintain profiles.
31. Determine who can maintain autorizations.
32. List all SAP supplied profiles and authorizations that have been modified and review for completeness.
33. List off the system parameter file (RSPARAM) and review the authentication controls
34. Determine how the profile SAP_NEW is being used.
35. Review SAP for any new objects/values that have been defined
Review changes to table AUTH for new fields and table TOBJ for new objects
36. Determine if all users have been assigned to a group. (Table USR02)
37. Determine that the SAP* profile has a user master record and that SAP* has had its password changed and added to the SUPER group. Also determine if the password has been stored in a secured location in case of an emergency.
38. Determine who are the members of the SUPER group and ensure that their membership is required.
39. Determine how many users have SAP_ALL access in the production environment. List all users with the following standard system profiles:
SAP_ALL All R/3 privileges
S_A.SYSTEM All SAP system functions
S_A.ADMIN System administration
S_A.CUSTOMIZ SAP customizing system
S_A.DEVELOP SAP development environment
S_ABAP_ALL All authorizations for ABAPs
TOOLS>ADMINISTRATION>USER MAINTENANCE>USERS>MAINTAIN USERS>INFORMATION>OVERVIEW>USERS> profile name >LIST>PRINT
40. List all users with special SAP system administration
S_ADMI_FCD Access to ABAP/4 Data Dictionary
S_BDC_ALL Batch Input
S_DDIC_ALL DYNPRO and ABAP/4
S_EDI_BUK Creating and modifying ABAP/4 programs and use of screen painter
S_EDITOR Ability to edit and modify ABAP’s programs
S_PROG_ADM Running ABAP/4 programs and submitting background processing
S_PROGRAM Ability to run ABAPs
S_TABU_ADM System Table – table maintenance
S_BTCH_ADMS_ENQ_ALL Background Processing
S_TSKH_ADMS_ENQ_ALL Transactions – lock management for processing
41. Determine who has access to the ABAP/4 Data Dictionary
S_ADMI_FCD For this object list users that have the following values:
REPL, SE01 (CTS requests) and/or DDIC in the System Administration Function field
SM21 in the Field Administration Function field (allows access to the system log)
TCOD which allows the user to change additional authorization checks
Versions for a particular object are maintained as: Utilities>Version Management Menu.
SE16 Data Browser
SE12 Dictionary Display
SE80 Object Browser
SCU3 Table history transaction
42. Determine who has batch access
Batch log files (bdc/logfile) should be reviewed and any deletions, modifications, or abended sessions subject to investigation and should be secured through the correct use of the operating system security.
43. List users with authorization for SM04, SM50 (S_TSKH_ADM) which grants access to the transaction locking function. Determine which transactions are locked on the production system by viewing additional authority checks in table TSTC (Tools>Administration>Tcode Administration). Ensure that at a minimum the following transactions are locked:
SE01 Correction and transports
SE38 Ability to execute ABAP programs
SE11 Maintain data dictionary objects
44. Determine if the parameters for the trace and log files are adequate
With the RSPARAM report, review the rstr/* and rslg/* parameters
If a transaction cannot finish correctly, the system rolls it back. The dialog program first generates a log record in the VBLOG table.
Transaction SM21 or Tools>Administration>Monitoring>System Log
Date/Time – To – Date/Time
By User, Trans Code, SAP Process, Problem Classes (Messages)
45. Determine if Spool access is properly restricted.
Verify who has the authorization object S_ADMI_FCD, S_SPO_ACT, and S_SPO_DEV
46. Determine if backup procedures are appropriate for data and programs
On-line and off-line backups of all the file servers can be controlled through the CCMS. Access to these transactions should be restricted, because these transactions can causes all file servers to shut down.
Is access to the SAP archiving function restricted. (Verify which profiles have access to transaction F040).
47. Determine who has access to the SAP customizing system (IMG, menu customizing)
S_A.CUSTOMIZ The profile gives all authorizations required for the Basis activities in the customizing menu. (Table USR10 gives an overview of all authorization objects in a profile.)