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Upload/download SAP transport request

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Upload/download SAP transport request
Stechies

Introduction

These are two simple and useful utilities to upload/download binary files of transport requests from/to front-end PC. They make possible to transfer transport requests between different systems without asking Basis people (nevertheless you have to have a sufficient authority). They also could be a demo of some TMS function modules usage. The utilities were originally developed by Igor Yaskevitch (senior basis/development consultant at IBS Company) and enhanced by Sergey Korolev. This publication made with explicit permission of Igor Yaskevitch.

Language and Platform

The utilities were originally developed for SAP R/3 4.6c, some additions were made under SAP ERP 4.7. The utilities could be used (though, were not thoroughly tested) in any SAP basis system above 4.6 which employ Transport Management System (TMS). Tested on MiniSAP 6.40: upload working fine

Upload Transport request utility

This easy-to-use utility uploads transport request binaries from user front end PC, adds request to the import queue, and starts single request import. The report checks the following authority objects:


    <
  • strong>S_CTS_ADMI, with values ‘TADD’ (authority to add request to the import queue), ‘IMPS’ (authority to start request import) for field CTS_ADMFCT

  • <
  • strong>S_DATASET with field values ACTVT = ‘34’ (Write access for application server files), FILENAME = corresponding request file name




The utility has the following parameters:


  • Co-file name - full file path of the request command file, file name must be of the form ‘Knnnnnnn.SSS’, where ‘nnnnnnn’ is the request number, and ‘SSS’ – source system identifier. Request command file can be selected via F4 value request. Remaining request data files must be located in the same frontend directory.


  • Add request to import queue – if the flag is set then request is added to the import queue and also

  • Target client – client number which should be assigned to the request*

  • File path separator (on WAS) – separating character for building application server file path. The parameter is operating system dependent and is calculated in INITIALIZATION event. As a rule there is no need to change the default value.


Download Transport request utility

The utility downloads transport request binaries from application server to the user client PC. The request must be released. The utility checks authority to access application server files, object S_DATASET with field values:


  • ACTVT = ‘33’ (Read access)


  • FILENAME = corresponding request file name




The utility has the following parameters:


    <
  • strong>Request/Task – Number of the request to download. The request must be released. Search help provides a tree list of released requests.


  • Target folder – Full path name of client PC folder where request binary files are to be downloaded to.


  • File path separator (on WAS) – separating character for building application server file path. The parameter is operating system dependent and is calculated in INITIALIZATION event. As a rule there is no need to change the default value.



Report YRS_UPLOAD_TRANSPORT_REQUEST

*======================================================================*
* Initial idea and first release by Igor Yaskevitch (IBS), 2003 *
* Enhancements by Sergei Korolev, 2005 (added import queue *
* manipulations, authority checking, minor interface improvements) *
*----------------------------------------------------------------------*
* Function : This is a utility tool for uploading binary *
* files of a transport request from a Client PC, *
* adding to an import queue and importing into the *
* system. *
*======================================================================*
REPORT yrs_upload_transport_request.

TYPE-POOLS: abap, sabc, stms.

CONSTANTS: gc_tp_fillclient LIKE stpa-command VALUE 'FILLCLIENT'.
DATA:
lt_request TYPE stms_tr_requests,
lt_tp_maintain TYPE stms_tp_maintains.

DATA:
sl TYPE i,
l_datafile(255) TYPE c,
datafiles TYPE i,
ret TYPE i,
ans TYPE c.

DATA:
et_request_infos TYPE stms_wbo_requests,
request_info TYPE stms_wbo_request,
system TYPE tmscsys-sysnam,
request LIKE e070-trkorr.

DATA:
folder TYPE string,
retval LIKE TABLE OF ddshretval WITH HEADER LINE,
fldvalue LIKE help_info-fldvalue,
transdir TYPE text255,
filename LIKE authb-filename,
trfile(20) TYPE c.

DATA:
BEGIN OF datatab OCCURS 0,
buf(8192) TYPE c,
END OF datatab.

DATA: len TYPE i,
flen TYPE i.

SELECTION-SCREEN COMMENT /1(79) comm_sel.

PARAMETERS:
p_cofile(255) TYPE c LOWER CASE OBLIGATORY.

SELECTION-SCREEN SKIP.

SELECTION-SCREEN BEGIN OF BLOCK b01 WITH FRAME TITLE bl_title.

PARAMETERS:
p_addque AS CHECKBOX DEFAULT 'X',
p_tarcli LIKE tmsbuffer-tarcli
DEFAULT sy-mandt
MATCHCODE OBJECT h_t000,

p_sepr OBLIGATORY.

SELECTION-SCREEN END OF BLOCK b01.

INITIALIZATION.
bl_title = 'Import queue parameters'(b01).
comm_sel = 'Select co-file. Filename must start with ''K''.'(001).
IF sy-opsys = 'Windows NT'.
p_sepr = ''.
ELSE.
p_sepr = '/'.
ENDIF.
** CALL FUNCTION 'WSAF_BUILD_SEPARATOR'
** IMPORTING
** separator = p_sepr
** EXCEPTIONS
** separator_not_maintained = 1
** wrong_call = 2
** wsaf_config_not_maintained = 3
** OTHERS = 4.
* IF sy-subrc NE 0.
* MESSAGE s001(00) WITH 'Unable to find out the separator symbol for the system.'(008).
* ENDIF.

AT SELECTION-SCREEN ON VALUE-REQUEST FOR p_cofile.
DATA:
file TYPE file_table,
rc TYPE i,
title TYPE string,
file_table TYPE filetable,
file_filter TYPE string VALUE 'CO-files (K*.*)|K*.*||'.

title = 'Select CO-file'(006).
CALL METHOD cl_gui_frontend_services=>file_open_dialog
EXPORTING
window_title = title
file_filter = file_filter
CHANGING
file_table = file_table
rc = rc
EXCEPTIONS
file_open_dialog_failed = 1
cntl_error = 2
error_no_gui = 3
not_supported_by_gui = 4
OTHERS = 5.
IF sy-subrc <> 0.
MESSAGE ID sy-msgid TYPE sy-msgty NUMBER sy-msgno
WITH sy-msgv1 sy-msgv2 sy-msgv3 sy-msgv4.
ENDIF.
READ TABLE file_table INTO file INDEX 1.
p_cofile = file.

AT SELECTION-SCREEN.
DATA:
file TYPE string.
sl = STRLEN( p_cofile ).
IF sl < 11.
MESSAGE e001(00)
WITH 'Invalid co-file name format. File name format must be KNNNNNNN.SSS'(009).
ENDIF.
sl = sl - 11.
IF p_cofile+sl(1) NE 'K'.
MESSAGE e001(00)
WITH 'Invalid co-file name format. File name format must be KNNNNNNN.SSS'(009).
ENDIF.
sl = sl + 1.
IF NOT p_cofile+sl(6) CO '0123456789'.
MESSAGE e001(00)
WITH 'Invalid co-file name format. File name format must be KNNNNNNN.SSS'(009).
ENDIF.
sl = sl + 6.
IF p_cofile+sl(1) NE '.'.
MESSAGE e001(00)
WITH 'Invalid co-file name format. File name format must be KNNNNNNN.SSS'(009).
ENDIF.
sl = sl - 7.
CLEAR datafiles.
l_datafile = p_cofile.
l_datafile+sl(1) = 'R'.
file = l_datafile.
IF cl_gui_frontend_services=>file_exist( file = file ) = 'X'.
ADD 1 TO datafiles.
ENDIF.
l_datafile+sl(1) = 'D'.
file = l_datafile.
IF cl_gui_frontend_services=>file_exist( file = file ) = 'X'.
ADD 1 TO datafiles.
ENDIF.
sl = sl + 8.
request = p_cofile+sl(3).
sl = sl - 8.
CONCATENATE request p_cofile+sl(7) INTO request.
TRANSLATE request TO UPPER CASE.
IF datafiles = 0.
MESSAGE e398(00)
WITH 'Corresponding data-files of transport request'(010)
request
'not found.'(011).
ELSE.
MESSAGE s398(00)
WITH datafiles
'data-files have been found for transport request'(012)
request.
ENDIF.

START-OF-SELECTION.
DATA:
parameter TYPE spar,
parameters TYPE TABLE OF spar.
CALL FUNCTION 'RSPO_R_SAPGPARAM'
EXPORTING
name = 'DIR_TRANS'
IMPORTING
value = transdir
EXCEPTIONS
error = 1
OTHERS = 2.
IF sy-subrc <> 0.
MESSAGE ID sy-msgid TYPE 'E' NUMBER sy-msgno
WITH sy-msgv1 sy-msgv2 sy-msgv3 sy-msgv4.
ENDIF.
filename = p_cofile+sl(11).
TRANSLATE filename TO UPPER CASE.
CONCATENATE transdir 'cofiles' filename
INTO filename
SEPARATED BY p_sepr.
OPEN DATASET filename FOR INPUT IN BINARY MODE.
ret = sy-subrc.
CLOSE DATASET filename.
IF NOT ret = 0.
CALL FUNCTION 'POPUP_TO_CONFIRM'
EXPORTING
text_question = 'Copy all files?'(a03)
IMPORTING
answer = ans
EXCEPTIONS
text_not_found = 1
OTHERS = 2.
ELSE.
parameter-param = 'FILE'.
parameter-value = filename.
APPEND parameter TO parameters.
CALL FUNCTION 'POPUP_TO_CONFIRM'
EXPORTING
text_question = 'File ''&FILE&'' already exists. Rewrite?'(a04)
IMPORTING
answer = ans
TABLES
parameter = parameters
EXCEPTIONS
text_not_found = 1
OTHERS = 2.
ENDIF.
CHECK ans = '1'.
trfile = p_cofile+sl(11).
TRANSLATE trfile TO UPPER CASE.
PERFORM copy_file USING 'cofiles' trfile p_cofile.
trfile(1) = 'R'.
l_datafile+sl(1) = 'R'.
PERFORM copy_file USING 'data' trfile l_datafile.
IF datafiles > 1.
trfile(1) = 'D'.
l_datafile+sl(1) = 'D'.
PERFORM copy_file USING 'data' trfile l_datafile.
ENDIF.
IF p_addque = 'X'.
system = sy-sysid.
DO 1 TIMES.
* Check authority to add request to the import queue
CALL FUNCTION 'TR_AUTHORITY_CHECK_ADMIN'
EXPORTING
iv_adminfunction = 'TADD'
EXCEPTIONS
e_no_authority = 1
e_invalid_user = 2
OTHERS = 3.
IF sy-subrc <> 0.
MESSAGE ID sy-msgid TYPE sy-msgty NUMBER sy-msgno
WITH sy-msgv1 sy-msgv2 sy-msgv3 sy-msgv4.
EXIT.
ENDIF.
CALL FUNCTION 'TMS_UI_APPEND_TR_REQUEST'
EXPORTING
iv_system = system
iv_request = request
iv_expert_mode = 'X'
iv_ctc_active = 'X'
EXCEPTIONS
cancelled_by_user = 1
append_request_failed = 2
OTHERS = 3.
CHECK sy-subrc = 0.
CALL FUNCTION 'TMS_MGR_READ_TRANSPORT_REQUEST'
EXPORTING
iv_request = request
iv_target_system = system
IMPORTING
et_request_infos = et_request_infos
EXCEPTIONS
read_config_failed = 1
table_of_requests_is_empty = 2
system_not_available = 3
OTHERS = 4.
CLEAR request_info.
READ TABLE et_request_infos INTO request_info INDEX 1.
IF request_info-e070-korrdev = 'CUST'
AND NOT p_tarcli IS INITIAL.
CALL FUNCTION 'TMS_MGR_MAINTAIN_TR_QUEUE'
EXPORTING
iv_command = gc_tp_fillclient
iv_system = system
iv_request = request
iv_tarcli = p_tarcli
iv_monitor = 'X'
iv_verbose = 'X'
IMPORTING
et_tp_maintains = lt_tp_maintain
EXCEPTIONS
read_config_failed = 1
table_of_requests_is_empty = 2
OTHERS = 3.
IF sy-subrc <> 0.
MESSAGE ID sy-msgid TYPE sy-msgty NUMBER sy-msgno
WITH sy-msgv1 sy-msgv2 sy-msgv3 sy-msgv4.
EXIT.
ENDIF.
ENDIF.
* Check authority to start request import
CALL FUNCTION 'TR_AUTHORITY_CHECK_ADMIN'
EXPORTING
iv_adminfunction = 'IMPS'
EXCEPTIONS
e_no_authority = 1
e_invalid_user = 2
OTHERS = 3.
IF sy-subrc <> 0.
MESSAGE ID sy-msgid TYPE sy-msgty NUMBER sy-msgno
WITH sy-msgv1 sy-msgv2 sy-msgv3 sy-msgv4.
EXIT.
ENDIF.
CALL FUNCTION 'TMS_UI_IMPORT_TR_REQUEST'
EXPORTING
iv_system = system
iv_request = request
iv_tarcli = p_tarcli
iv_some_active = space
EXCEPTIONS
cancelled_by_user = 1
import_request_denied = 2
import_request_failed = 3
OTHERS = 4.
ENDDO.
ENDIF.
*&--------------------------------------------------------------------*
*& Form copy_file
*&--------------------------------------------------------------------*
* text
*---------------------------------------------------------------------*
* -->SUBDIR text
* -->FNAME text
* -->SOURCE_FILEtext
*---------------------------------------------------------------------*
FORM copy_file USING subdir fname source_file.
DATA: l_filename TYPE string.
l_filename = source_file.
CONCATENATE transdir subdir fname
INTO filename
SEPARATED BY p_sepr.
REFRESH datatab.
CLEAR flen.
CALL METHOD cl_gui_frontend_services=>gui_upload
EXPORTING
filename = l_filename
filetype = 'BIN'
IMPORTING
filelength = flen
CHANGING
data_tab = datatab[]
EXCEPTIONS
file_open_error = 1
file_read_error = 2
no_batch = 3
gui_refuse_filetransfer = 4
invalid_type = 5
no_authority = 6
unknown_error = 7
bad_data_format = 8
header_not_allowed = 9
separator_not_allowed = 10
header_too_long = 11
unknown_dp_error = 12
access_denied = 13
dp_out_of_memory = 14
disk_full = 15
dp_timeout = 16
not_supported_by_gui = 17
error_no_gui = 18
OTHERS = 19.
IF sy-subrc NE 0.
WRITE: / 'Error uploading file'(003), l_filename.
EXIT.
ENDIF.
CALL FUNCTION 'AUTHORITY_CHECK_DATASET'
EXPORTING
activity = sabc_act_write
filename = filename
EXCEPTIONS
no_authority = 1
activity_unknown = 2
OTHERS = 3.
IF sy-subrc <> 0.
FORMAT COLOR COL_NEGATIVE.
WRITE: / 'Write access denied. File'(013), filename.
FORMAT COLOR OFF.
EXIT.
ENDIF.
OPEN DATASET filename FOR OUTPUT IN BINARY MODE.
IF sy-subrc NE 0.
WRITE: / 'File open error'(004), trfile.
EXIT.
ENDIF.
LOOP AT datatab.
IF flen < 8192.
len = flen.
ELSE.
len = 8192.
ENDIF.
TRANSFER datatab-buf TO filename LENGTH len.
flen = flen - len.
ENDLOOP.
CLOSE DATASET filename.
WRITE: / 'File'(005), trfile, 'uploaded'(007).
ENDFORM. "copy_file

Report YRS_DOWNLOAD_TRANSPORT_REQUEST
*======================================================================*
* Initial idea and first release by Igor Yaskevitch (IBS), 2003 *
* Enhancements by Sergey Korolev, 2005 (Added F4 value *
* requests, authority checks, TMS function usage) *
*----------------------------------------------------------------------*
* Function : This is a utility tool for downloading binary *
* files of transport request to a Client PC *
*======================================================================*
REPORT yrs_download_transport_request.
PARAMETERS:
p_reqest TYPE trkorr OBLIGATORY,
p_folder(255) TYPE c LOWER CASE, p_sepr OBLIGATORY.

DATA:
folder TYPE string,
retval LIKE TABLE OF ddshretval WITH HEADER LINE,
fldvalue LIKE help_info-fldvalue,
transdir TYPE text255,
filename(255),
trfile(20) TYPE c,
datatab TYPE TABLE OF text8192 WITH HEADER LINE,
len TYPE i,
flen TYPE i.

TYPE-POOLS: sabc, stms, trwbo.

INITIALIZATION.
CONCATENATE sy-sysid 'K*' INTO p_reqest.

IF sy-opsys = 'Windows NT'.
p_sepr = ''.
ELSE.
p_sepr = '/'.
ENDIF.

* CALL FUNCTION 'WSAF_BUILD_SEPARATOR'
* IMPORTING
* separator = p_sepr
* EXCEPTIONS
* separator_not_maintained = 1
* wrong_call = 2
* wsaf_config_not_maintained = 3
* OTHERS = 4.
*
* IF sy-subrc NE 0.
* MESSAGE s001(00)
* WITH
* 'Unable to find out the separator symbol for the system.'(011).
* ENDIF.

AT SELECTION-SCREEN ON VALUE-REQUEST FOR p_reqest.
DATA:
tt_system TYPE TABLE OF tmscsys WITH HEADER LINE,
es_selected_request TYPE trwbo_request_header,
es_selected_task TYPE trwbo_request_header,
iv_organizer_type TYPE trwbo_calling_organizer,
is_selection TYPE trwbo_selection.

iv_organizer_type = 'W'. is_selection-reqstatus = 'R'.
CALL FUNCTION 'TR_PRESENT_REQUESTS_SEL_POPUP'
EXPORTING
iv_organizer_type = iv_organizer_type
is_selection = is_selection
IMPORTING
es_selected_request = es_selected_request
es_selected_task = es_selected_task.
p_reqest = es_selected_request-trkorr.

AT SELECTION-SCREEN ON VALUE-REQUEST FOR p_folder.
DATA: title TYPE string.

title = 'Select target folder'(005).
CALL METHOD cl_gui_frontend_services=>directory_browse
EXPORTING
window_title = title
CHANGING
selected_folder = folder
EXCEPTIONS
cntl_error = 1
error_no_gui = 2
OTHERS = 3.

CALL FUNCTION 'CONTROL_FLUSH'
EXCEPTIONS
cntl_system_error = 1
cntl_error = 2
OTHERS = 3.

p_folder = folder.

AT SELECTION-SCREEN ON p_reqest.
DATA: request_info TYPE stms_wbo_request,
request_infos TYPE stms_wbo_requests.

REFRESH request_infos.
CALL FUNCTION 'TMS_MGR_READ_TRANSPORT_REQUEST'
EXPORTING
iv_request = p_reqest
iv_header_only = 'X'
IMPORTING
et_request_infos = request_infos
EXCEPTIONS
read_config_failed = 1
table_of_requests_is_empty = 2
system_not_available = 3
OTHERS = 4.

IF sy-subrc <> 0.
MESSAGE ID sy-msgid TYPE sy-msgty NUMBER sy-msgno
WITH sy-msgv1 sy-msgv2 sy-msgv3 sy-msgv4.
ENDIF.
CLEAR request_info.
READ TABLE request_infos INTO request_info INDEX 1.
IF sy-subrc NE 0
OR request_info-e070-trkorr IS INITIAL.
MESSAGE e398(00) WITH 'Request'(006) p_reqest 'not found'(007).
ELSEIF request_info-e070-trstatus NE 'R'.
MESSAGE e398(00)
WITH 'You must release request'(008)
request_info-e070-trkorr
'before downloading'(009).
ENDIF.

START-OF-SELECTION.
folder = p_folder.
CONCATENATE p_reqest+3(7) '.' p_reqest(3) INTO trfile.

CALL FUNCTION 'RSPO_R_SAPGPARAM'
EXPORTING
name = 'DIR_TRANS'
IMPORTING
value = transdir
EXCEPTIONS
error = 0
OTHERS = 0.

PERFORM copy_file USING 'cofiles' trfile.
trfile(1) = 'R'.
PERFORM copy_file USING 'data' trfile.
trfile(1) = 'D'.
PERFORM copy_file USING 'data' trfile.
*---------------------------------------------------------------------*
* FORM copy_file *
*---------------------------------------------------------------------*
* --> SUBDIR * * --> FNAME *
*---------------------------------------------------------------------*
FORM copy_file USING subdir fname.
DATA:
auth_filename TYPE authb-filename,
gui_filename TYPE string.

CONCATENATE transdir subdir fname
INTO filename
SEPARATED BY p_sepr.

REFRESH datatab.
CLEAR flen.

auth_filename = filename.
CALL FUNCTION 'AUTHORITY_CHECK_DATASET'
EXPORTING
activity = sabc_act_read
filename = auth_filename
EXCEPTIONS
no_authority = 1
activity_unknown = 2
OTHERS = 3.

IF sy-subrc <> 0.
FORMAT COLOR COL_NEGATIVE.
WRITE: / 'Read access denied. File'(001),
filename.
FORMAT COLOR OFF. EXIT.
ENDIF.

OPEN DATASET filename FOR INPUT IN BINARY MODE.

IF sy-subrc NE 0.
FORMAT COLOR COL_TOTAL.
WRITE: / 'File open error'(010), filename.
FORMAT COLOR OFF. EXIT.
ENDIF.

DO.
CLEAR len.
READ DATASET filename INTO datatab LENGTH len.
flen = flen + len.
IF len > 0. APPEND datatab. ENDIF.
IF sy-subrc NE 0.
EXIT.
ENDIF.
ENDDO.
CLOSE DATASET filename.
CONCATENATE p_folder '' fname INTO gui_filename.

CALL METHOD cl_gui_frontend_services=>gui_download
EXPORTING
bin_filesize = flen
filename = gui_filename
filetype = 'BIN'
CHANGING
data_tab = datatab[]
EXCEPTIONS
file_write_error = 1
no_batch = 2
gui_refuse_filetransfer = 3
invalid_type = 4
no_authority = 5
unknown_error = 6
header_not_allowed = 7
separator_not_allowed = 8
filesize_not_allowed = 9
header_too_long = 10
dp_error_create = 11
dp_error_send = 12
dp_error_write = 13
unknown_dp_error = 14
access_denied = 15
dp_out_of_memory = 16
disk_full = 17
dp_timeout = 18
file_not_found = 19
dataprovider_exception = 20
control_flush_error = 21
OTHERS = 24.

IF sy-subrc = 0.
WRITE: / 'File'(002), filename, 'downloaded. Length'(003), flen.
ELSE.
FORMAT COLOR COL_NEGATIVE.
WRITE: / 'File download error. Filename:'(004), filename.
FORMAT COLOR OFF.
ENDIF.
ENDFORM. "copy_file


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