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Difference between V1 vs V2 and V3 Updates in SAP

Updated Aug 07, 2023

In the SAP environment, updates play a crucial role in maintaining data consistency, ensuring transactional integrity, and optimizing performance.SAP offers three different update modes - V1, V2, and V3 updates - each tailored to specific scenarios and requirements. In this article, we will delve into the differences between these update modes and explore their use cases within the SAP ecosystem.

V1 Update:

V1 update is a synchronous update mode in SAP. When an application triggers a V1 update, the system performs the data changes immediately and sends an acknowledgment back to the application once the update is successfully completed. This immediate feedback ensures data consistency and real-time integrity. However, the drawback of V1 update is that it degrades processing performance due to the overhead of waiting for the acknowledgment before proceeding to the next task.

Use Cases:

  • V1 updates are best suited for LIVE tables where data consistency is of utmost importance and real-time updates are necessary.
  • Critical business processes that require immediate updates and feedback, such as financial transactions, benefit from V1 updates.

V2 Update:

V2 update is an asynchronous update mode in SAP. Unlike V1 updates, V2 updates do not provide immediate acknowledgment. Instead, the system collects the changes in a preliminary buffer, and these changes are written to the database at a later time as a single unit or "chunk." This delayed processing improves system performance as it reduces the overhead of frequent acknowledgments.

Use Cases:

  • V2 updates are ideal for non-time-critical data changes where immediate consistency is not essential.
  • When dealing with a large volume of data changes, V2 updates optimize performance by minimizing the overhead of continuous acknowledgments.

V3 Update:

V3 update is another asynchronous update mode in SAP, primarily designed for scenarios where background processing is required. Instead of immediate updates, V3 updates store the Logical Unit of Work (LUW) changes in an Extractor queue, represented by tokens or pointers. A background job, often referred to as V3 collective run, then processes the LUWs from the queue and updates the data records in the background.

Use Cases:

  • V3 updates are commonly used in Logistics (LO) Extraction scenarios, where background processing is preferred for performance reasons.
  • When the sequence of data changes is not critical, V3 updates offer an efficient way to update large volumes of data in the background.

Key Difference Points Between V1, V2, and V3 Updates in SAP


  • V1 updates are synchronous, providing immediate feedback after each data change.
  • V2 and V3 updates are asynchronous, with delayed processing and no immediate feedback.

Data Consistency:

  • V1 updates ensure real-time data consistency but may impact performance due to frequent acknowledgments.
  • V2 updates compromise immediate consistency but improve performance by batching changes for later processing.
  • V3 updates offer background processing, providing a balance between consistency and performance, with the option to update large volumes of data.

Use Cases:

  • V1 updates are suitable for critical and real-time data changes.
  • V2 updates are recommended for non-time-critical data changes with a focus on performance optimization.
  • V3 updates are ideal for background processing scenarios, especially in LO Extraction and where the sequence is not critical.


  • V1 updates might impact performance due to synchronous processing and acknowledgments.
  • V2 updates improve performance by delaying the write operations to the database.
  • V3 updates provide an efficient way to process large volumes of data in the background, optimizing performance for specific scenarios.