1. The Inputs: These are data items required for planning and implementing the logistics system constituted from sources like company records, customers, published data and company personnel.
2. Database and Associated Manipulations: The overall management of the logistics database involves the selection of the data to be retrieved and stored; basic data-processing processes; and the methods of analysis.
3. The Outputs: SAP LIS outputs include:
- Generation of summary reports for performance or cost statistics.
- The status reports of order progress or inventories.
- Exception reports for comparing the desired performance with the actual outputs and generation of reports for initiating action..
- Freight bills and other transportation documents like bills of lading are also considered as outputs.
According to Sap LIS consultants and other experts, Logistics Information System (LIS) is composed to the following Information Systems
- Sales Information System
- Shop Floor Information System
- Purchasing Information System
- Inventory Controlling
- Quality Management Information System
- Retail Information System (RIS)
- Transport Information System (TIS)
- Plant Maintenance Information System
The various applications that make up the LIS have a modular structure and support a variety of techniques for the proper evaluation of actual data. Allowing the individual information systems to function on their own and maintain their individual features, SAP LIS components are also responsible for creating planning data. Appropriately supported by the forecasting function, these planning functions are easy-to-use and combine the tools of Sales and Operations Planning (SOP) for creating more effective central forecasting and planning tools.
The main advantage of using customized logistics data warehousing applications is that they integrate the data basis of specific information systems, define the regulations for updating the data and generate standard analyses for accurate evaluation of data. Along with the above mentioned features, SAP LIS also has an ‘Early Warning System’ that is integrated in most information systems and is based upon the key figures of the system in place. This warning system targets and monitors the weak areas in the logistics system, keeps a watch for exceptional situations, helps in the early detection of severe problems and corrects the same. SAP LIS (Logistics Information Systems) also has the Logistics Information Library which allows users to access the key figures in LIS by applying simple search strategies. It also allows the cataloging of key figures.
- Materials Management (MM) - Forming the foundation for all logistics functions of an organization, this component includes inventory movements, purchasing functionality, material master file and accounts payable. These components contain valuable information on all services and materials used in a company.
- Sales and Distribution (SD) - This component incorporates all processes, from orders placed by customers to the delivery of products. It encompasses the sales functions, packing, pricing, picking and shipping.
- Quality Management (QM) - Used for ensuring and improving on the overall quality of products, the main functions of this component span the planning/execution of quality purchases as well as finished products.
- Plant Maintenance (PM) - It is useful for maintaining the equipments used for the manufacturing of a company’s finished products. This module focuses on the planning and final execution of the preventive tasks on the equipments/tools used in the process of production.
- Production Planning (PP) - The functions of the SAP PP component include master production scheduling (MPS), capacity planning of production, material requirements planning (MRP) and controlling of shop floor functions for producing a company’s products.
- Customer Service (CS) - This component is useful for the management of the services extended by an organization to customers, in the event of repairs and warranties. CS either streamlines the repairs of the products at the customer facility by sending its technical staff or requests for the product to be sent back to the company. In the event of an organization making finished products that are sold with warranties, SAP CS goes a long way in servicing and repairing specific items with maximum efficiency.
- Warehouse Management (WM) - This important component of SAP LIS helps in the accurate management of inventory and the maximization of storage capacity. It reduces the time taken for the placement and removal of items from the warehouse and recommends the most effective ways of storing materials and placing them in the right way.
In a nutshell, the functionalities of LIS cover a comprehensive range of modules and are well integrated with other areas of logistics like:
- Batch Management
- Handling Unit Management
- Variant Configuration
- Engineering Change Management
- Environmental, Health, and Safety (EHS)
- Project Systems (PS) and so forth.
The integration of various modules and applications is dependent the custom requirements of individual companies. A certification course in LIS is specifically designed to provide in-depth knowledge of the fundamentals of an organization’s logistics system, its tools, ways of handling the various integrated components and much more. With the right skills and knowledge about the general logistics systems, SAP LIS professionals may look forward to getting highly paid salaries and lucrative job positions in reputed companies in India and beyond.
So, join up and gear up to say “yes” to the next levels of success in your career - now!